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高考英語全面復習十八.ppt

'高考英語全面復習十八.ppt'
高考英語全面 復習十八A taste of English humour 感受英語的幽默考綱知識預覽重點單詞1. n.幽默;滑稽→ adj.幽默的2. adj.滿足的;滿意的 n.滿足 vt.使滿足3. n.表演者;演出者→ vt.表演→ n.表演,演出4. vt.使驚詫→ adj.令人感到驚訝的→ adj.吃驚的→ n.驚訝humourhumourouscontentperformerperformperformance astonishastonishingastonishedastonishment 考綱知識預覽5. adj.幸運的;吉利的→ adv.幸運地→ adv.不幸地→ n.機會,運氣6. adj.平常的;普通的7. adj.厭煩的→ adj.令人厭煩的→ vt.使厭煩8. vt.& vi.使歡樂;款待→ n.娛樂節目→ adj.愉快的;有趣的fortunatefortunately fortuneordinaryboringboreboredentertainentertainmententertainingunfortunately考綱知識預覽9. vt.& vi.戰勝;克服→ (過去式)→ (過去分詞)10. vt.使信服→ adj.令人信服的→ adj.深信的11. vt.& vi.導演;指示;指揮 adj.直的;直接的;直率的→ n.指揮→ n.方向12. adj.突出的;杰出的;顯著的overcome overcameovercomeconvinceconvincingconvinceddirectdirectordirectionoutstanding 考綱知識預覽13. adj.特殊的;特別的 n.細節;細目→ adv.特殊地;特別地14. n.時刻;場合→ adj.偶然的;特殊場合的15. n.預算;開支16. vt.使發笑;使愉快→ adj.愉快的;開心的→ adj.好笑的;有趣的→ n.愉快particularparticularlyoccasionoccasional budgetamuseamusedamusing amusement考綱知識預覽17. n.解釋;講解;說明→ vt.& vi.解釋18. n.耳語;低語 vt.& vi.低語;小聲說19. adj.巨大的;遼闊的20. vi.作出反應;回應→ n.反應,回應explanation explainwhispervast reactreaction考綱知識預覽重點短語1.  對……滿足2. 窮的;缺少的3. 挑出;辨別出4. 切斷;斷絕5. 擔任主角;主演feel/be content withbadly offpick off cut off star in 考綱知識預覽6. 對……挑剔7. 直到現在8. . 尋找某人/某物9. 在戶外;在露天be particular about up to nowbe in search of sb./sthin the open air考綱知識預覽重點句型1.As time went by,he began making films.【精提取】 as作連詞時,有“隨著”之意,表示發展變化狀況?!厩蓱谩俊‰S著年齡的增長,他更有自信心了。________ ________ ________ ________,he gained more confidence.答案:As he grew older考綱知識預覽2.Watson tried a third time.【精提取】 a third time是“不定冠詞+序數詞”結構,此處序數詞并無與其他事物一一排比的含義,表示“再一,又一”?!厩蓱谩俊∧隳茉俳o我一次機會嗎?Can you________ ________ ________ ________ ________,please?答案:give me a second chance考綱知識預覽3.Unfortunately his father died,leaving the family even worse off,so Charlie spent his childhood looking after his sick mother and his brother.【精提取】 leaving...為現在分詞作結果狀語?!厩蓱谩俊∥业能嚤唤煌〒頂D堵住,所以延誤了。My car was caught in a traffic jam,________ ________ ________ ________.答案:t。省略部分。 B.made outC.made up D.picked up解析:選D。本題考查短語動詞的辨析。pick up偶然、無意中學會……。名師一線講壇11.You’ll soon________health when you get to the seaside.A.pick out B.pick upC.pick on D.pick at解析:選B??疾橛蓀ick構成的動詞詞組辨析。句意:到了海濱,你不久就會恢復健康。pick up表示“恢復健康,振作起(精神)”。名師一線講壇9.cut off 切掉,割掉,分離,隔離(常跟from),中斷cut away切掉;剪掉cut down砍倒;殺死;削減,縮短cut in插嘴;突然插入cut out切掉;刪掉cut up切碎;使喪氣,使痛心名師一線講壇①Our water supply has been cut off.我們的水供應被切斷了。②We were cut off in the middle of our conversation.我們的電話打到一半被中斷了。③The village was cut off by the heavy snow.那個村莊被大雪封閉,與世隔絕了。名師一線講壇④She kept cutting in on our conversation.我們談話時她老是插嘴。⑤Let’s cut out the unimportant details.讓我們刪掉不重要的細節。⑥The doctor told him to cut down on his drinking.醫生勸他少喝酒。名師一線講壇情系考場12.He was in hospital for six months.He felt as if he was ________ from the outside world.A.cut out    B.cut offC.cut up D.cut through解析:選B。本題考查cut相關短語的用法。cut out刪掉;cut off隔離;cut up切碎;cut through刺穿。根據句意用cut off。名師一線講壇1.【教材原句】 Unfortunately his father died,leaving the family even worse off...不幸的是他的父親去世了,整個家庭狀況更糟了……【句法分析】 leaving...為現在分詞短語作結果狀語?,F在分詞作結果狀語,表示順其自然的結果。句型考點面對面名師一線講壇①His parents died,leaving him an orphan.他父母雙亡,成了孤兒。②The child fell,striking his head against the door.小孩摔了一跤,頭在門上碰了一下。③European football is played in 80 countries,making it the most popular sport in the world.八十個國家踢歐式足球,使它成為世界上最流行的運動。名師一線講壇思維拓展現在分詞作結果狀語常表示“意料、情理之中”,而不定式作結果狀語常表出乎意料的結果。He hurried to the bus stop,only to find the bus had left.他匆匆地去了車站,結果發現車已離開。名師一線講壇Her father disappeared,never to be heard from again.她的父親離家出走,從此杳無音訊。He hurried to the airport only to be told the plane had been put off.他匆忙趕到機場,結果被告知航班推遲了。名師一線講壇情系考場13.(2009年成都外國語學校4月模擬)Oil prices have risen________32 percent since last year,________a record $84.65 a barrel on Nov.9.A.by;reached B.by;reachingC.by;to reach D.to;reaching解析:選B??疾榻樵~的用法及非謂語動詞的用法。介詞by表程度,reaching短語在句中作結果狀語。不定式也可作結果狀語,但常與only或just連用,表示一種意想不到的結果。名師一線講壇14.(2009年綿陽診斷)The financial crisis that originated(源于)on Wall Street swept the world,thus________large numbers of workers jobless.A.leaving B.to leaveC.left D.have left解析:選A??疾榉侵^語動詞的用法。動詞leave與其邏輯主語the financial crisis之間是主謂關系,所以用leaving...作結果狀語,相當于which left...。名師一線講壇2.【教材原句】 By his teens,Charlie had,through his humour,become one of the most popular child actors in England.在十多歲的時候,憑借著自己的幽默,查理已經在英國成為最受歡迎的童星之一?!揪浞ǚ治觥俊y在加時間點引導的時間狀語句子中,表示“到……為止,到……底”時,句子經常用完成時態。名師一線講壇①By 2010 the population of our city will have risen to over 20 million.到2010年,我們城市的人口將超過兩千萬。②By this time of next year,all of you will have become college students.到明年的這個時候,你們大家就都成為大學生了。名師一線講壇情系考場15.(2008年高考山東卷)By the time he realizes he ________ into a trap,it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it.A.walks     B.walkedC.has walked D.had walked解析:選C。句意:到他認識到已經中計的時候,再做任何事情也就無濟于事了。根據句意,可知本句講的是現在的事情,故用現在時,排除B、D兩項,本句強調“已經中計”,應用完成時,故答案為C。隨堂即時檢測點擊進入課時活頁訓練點擊進入
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