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高考英語復習-定語從句.ppt

'高考英語復習-定語從句.ppt'
The Attributive Clause學習方法指導概念:用一個句子放在一個名詞或代詞的后面作定語。She is the girl whom I am looking for. 先行詞關系代詞This is the village where she grew up.先行詞關系副詞一、引導定語從句的關系詞指代人 who,whom,that指代事物 which,that所屬關系whose,of which,of whom指地點 where指時間 when指原因 why指人指物主語賓語thatwhichwhowhom關系代詞在從句中可以:何時可以省略?關系代詞(副詞)在定從中的成份:1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. 2.The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. 3.A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. 4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. 5. His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone whose family was poor. 6. I like the person to whom you just talked.7. We shall never forget the days (that) we spent together. 8. We shall never the days when we lived together. 一、關系詞選擇的步驟第一步:先判斷是什么從句一般定語從句的結構是“先行詞+關系代/副詞+從句”。(牢固樹立這一概念后,可減少很多不該出現的錯誤。)第二步:是關系代詞,還是關系副詞關鍵是如何選擇關系詞。方法一依據在從句中所做的成分 關系代詞(that, which,who,whom等)主要用作主語和賓語;關系副詞(when, where,why)主要用作狀語;作定語時用whose。   方法二: 完全取決于從句中的謂語動詞。 及物動詞后面無賓語,就必須要求用關系代詞; 而不及物動詞則要求用關系副詞。This is the village where I stayed last year. This is the mountain village which/that I visited last year.第三步:看先行詞如選擇關系代詞:是人還是物如選擇關系副詞:地點        時間        原因(reason)  是用關系代詞還是關系副詞1.May 1 is the day ____I‘ll never forget. 2.May 1 is the day____we spent together. 3.May 1 is the day ___I joined the army.   A.that /which B.when   誤:This is the house where we lived in last year.   正:This is the house which/that we lived in last year.   譯:這是我們去年住過的那個房子。   定語從句中的關系副詞when, where, whywhen在定語從句中作時間狀語,相當于“介詞+ 關系代詞(which)”。I’ll never forget the day when I joined the league.on whichwhere在定語從句中作地點狀語,相當于“介詞+ 關系代詞(which)This is the house where I lived two years ago.in whichwhy在定語從句中作原因狀語,相當于“介詞for+ 關系代詞which)”。Do you know the reason why she was late.for which“of + which/whom”可用來限定名詞、代詞、分數詞、數詞等。e.g. 1. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person ____________ she could turn for help.that B. who C. from whom D. to whom 二、考點:介詞+關系代詞1 . 根據從句中動詞或形容詞與介詞的習慣搭配,如:e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms about which I’m sure.關系代詞前介詞的確定The girl _____ which he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him.He is the man _____ whom I think you can depend .foronHe referred me to some reference books ______ which I am not very familiar.Dolphins might be trained to cooperate with fishermen and help them by finding or even catching fish, ______ all of which activities dolphins are expert.within2.根據從句中動詞與先行詞的邏輯關系,請體會:e.g. Is that the newspaper for which you often write articles?3. 根據先行詞與介詞的搭配習慣,請體會:e.g. 1949 was the year in which the P.R.C. was founded.The rate ______ which wild animals are being destroyed has increased.This is our classroom ,______________which there is a teacher’s desk.atin the front of1. The sun gives us heat and light, ________ which we can’t live.2. The student ________ whom we were talking just now is the best student in our class.3. I’ll never forget the day _____ which she said good-bye to me.4. Who can give me the reason ______ which he hasn’t turned up yet?withoutaboutonfor三.非限制性定與從句中,要表示先行詞的一部分時,可用“名詞/數詞/代詞 + of + which/whom”的結構,如:e.g. There are 50 students in our class, two-thirds of whom have been to Beijing.The committee consists of 20 members,5 of _______ are women.The book contains 50 poems, most of ________ was written in 1930s.There are two left, one of _______ is almost finished ,and the other of _______ is not quite. I have a sentence , the meaning of _______ I don’t understand.whomwhichwhichwhichwhich名詞/代詞/數詞+ of +which/whom四. Whose從句可轉換為“ of +關系代詞”型,如:e.g. They live in a house, whose door opens to the south. They lived in a house, of which the door opens to the south. They lived in a house, the door of which open to the south.There are 20 students in this class, ______ are different.A.whose backgrounds B.the backgrounds of whomC.of whom the backgrounds D.the backgrounds of whose五.主語和謂語一致1、關系代詞在定語從句中主語,其謂語動詞與先行詞保持一致。例如:The boy who is standing at the door is my son.2、在one of the +復數名詞+定語從句”結構中,復數名詞是先行詞,關系代詞在定語從句中作主語,其謂語動詞用復數形式。例如:This is one of the best books that have ever been written on the subject.3、在“the only one of the +復數名詞+定語從句”結構中,one 是先行詞,關系代詞在定語從句中作主語,其謂語動詞用單數。例如:This is the only one of the best books that has ever been written on the subject.
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