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高考完型填空解題指導.ppt

'高考完型填空解題指導.ppt'
高考完型填空解題指導命題原則解題策略練 首句不設空,用以提供語境。 定位語篇,側重上下文語境。邏輯分析法 (logical analysis )常識背景法(common sense)上下文語境法(situation)設題原則重視并讀懂首句。通常第一句不挖空,是為了降低難度,提供一個理解全文的完整信息句,幫助熟悉短文的背景、主題或文體,為理解全文奠定基礎。 (07 陜西) I was having my dinner at McDonald’s one evening when so old couple slowly walked in.(07 山東) Life is filled with challenges.(07 海南) In the United States there was an unusual tale telling of the daughter of a mechanic (技工).命題意圖: 在語篇層面上考查常用詞匯的準確、得體的應用。 充分發掘上下文的語境(字里行間的信息詞和信息句)技巧 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 A little boy invited his mother to attend his school’s first teacher-parent meeting. To the boy’s 1 , his mother said she would go. 1. A. enjoyment B. disappointment C. surprise D. excitement04年廣東技巧 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 … he felt 3. ashamed of her appearance. Although she was a beautiful woman, there was a severe scar(疤痕) that 4.cover nearly the entire right side of her face. 04年廣東 In the clinic, I asked if Michael could be retested, so the specialist tested him again. To my 36 ,it was the same score. 36.A.joy B.surprise C.dislike D.disappointment 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 (07重慶)Later that evening, I 37 told Frank what I had learned that day. After talking it over, we agreed that we knew our son much better than an IQ(智商)test.37.A.tearfully B.fearfully C.cheerfully D.hopefully07重慶 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 (07重慶) My sister and I grew up in a little village in England.Our father was a struggling 36 , but I always knew he was 37 . 36. A.biologist B.manager C.lawyer D.gardener37.A.strict B.honest C.special D.learned… he never criticized us ,but used 38 (praise)to bring out our best …father said: “when I was 23, my dad persuaded me to go into law”. 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 (05NMET)In the summer vacation of 1997 , I was fixed with a job . I worked as a(n) (1) at Mr. Breen’s fruit shop. A .operator B . assistant C .waiter D. secretary 常識背景法 It was an early morning in summer . In the street , sleepy-eyed people were moving quickly, heading towards their (3).A .jobs B. home C. restaurants D. offices常識背景法 常識背景法 06 天津試卷 Having left the town, the girl stopped the car at the landing near the entrance of the bay(海灣).She stepped into the 16 and rowed out silently ….The lights of the town became 31 .16. A. car B. boat C. ship D. sail帆船31. A. brighter B. bigger C. closer D. smaller 常識背景法 邏輯手段并列關系轉折關系因果關系解釋關系順序關系It was taking up a great deal of my time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a choice ; stay in school 47 leave to work on my magazine.47. A. besides B. but C. and D. or 邏輯分析法 Geese are known to take the first living thing they see as their mother. 42 , to these young geese, the girl was their mother. 42. A. But B. Also C. Thus D. Still(07 海南) 邏輯分析法 Ban the Band(樂隊) Every year, our school has a dance for all the students. It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36__,instead of the usual school uniform. 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 36. A. shapes B. dressed C. flowers D. pictures36. A. shapes B. dresses C. flowers D. pictures07北京卷 Every year, our school has a dance for all the students. It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36__,instead of the usual school uniform. Most of us think the dance is great __37__ ---even the teachers enjoy being there. __38__,two weeks ago someone said that there would be no __39__ band this year --- only CDs. 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 37. A. fun B. work C. effort D. progress38. A. Besides B. Otherwise C. However D.Therefore Every year, our school has a dance for all the students. It’s a little funny seeing friends in clean shoes and trousers or colorful __36__,instead of the usual school uniform. Most of us think the dance is great __37__ ---even the teachers enjoy being there. __38__,two weeks ago someone said that there would be no __39__ band this year --- only CDs. 文中無閑句,句中無閑字 。 39. A. new B. live C.foreign總則:在把握整體的基礎上對 句子內部的情況進行分析跳過空格,通讀全文, 把握大意瞻前顧后,先易后難, 個個擊破再讀全文,反復檢查結合選項,綜合考慮,初定答案正確答題步驟:Discussion完型填空訓練的目的: 兩個提高 1)提高閱讀理解能力; 2)提高詞語運用能力。 兩個培養 1)培養良好的解題習慣; 2)培養語言邏輯思維能力。 兩個忠告 1)多做高考真題; 2)不求100%的理解和正確率,只求訓練過程和良好解題習慣的養成。Homework:Finish another cloze test on your paper
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