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高考英語(人教版)要點梳理 重點突破:選修6 Unit 5 The power of nature.doc

'高考英語(人教版)要點梳理 重點突破:選修6 Unit 5 The power of nature.doc'
?選修6 Unit 5 The power of nature要 點 梳 理高效梳理·知識備考●重點單詞1.volcano n.火山2.erupt vi.(指火山)爆發;突然發生→eruption n.火山爆發;(戰爭等)爆發3.alongside adv.在旁邊;沿著邊 prep.在……旁邊;沿著……的邊4.appoint vt.任命;委派→appointment n.約定;任命5.evaluate vt.評估;評價;估計→evaluation n.評估6.wave n.波浪;波濤 vi.波動;起伏;揮手7.absolute adj.絕對的;完全的→absolutely adv.絕對地8.suit n.一套外衣;套裝;vt.適合;使適宜→suitable adj.合適的9.potential n.潛在性;可能性;潛能 adj.可能的;潛在的10.actual adj.實在的;實際的→actually adv.實際地11.shoot vt.射中;射傷→shot n.射擊;槍炮聲12.anxious adj.憂慮的;不安的→anxiously adv.不安地→anxiety n.擔心;焦慮;渴望13.panic vi. & vt.驚慌 n.驚慌;恐慌→panicked(過去式/過去分詞)14.diverse adj.多種多樣的;不同的→diversity n.多種多樣;多樣性15.appreciation n.欣賞;感激;感謝→appreciate vt.欣賞;感激16.guarantee vt.保證;擔?!裰攸c短語1.be compared with...  與……相比2.protect...from... 保護……免受……傷害3.be appointed as 被委派為……4.burn to the ground 全部焚毀5.be about to do sth. 即將做某事;馬上就要做某事6.make one’s way 前往7.be anxious about 對……憂慮/不安8.glance through 匆匆看一遍9.vary from...to... 由……到……不等10.give birth to 生產;產生●重點句型1.Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast.收集和評估這些信息之后,我就幫助其他科學家一起預測熔巖接著將往何處流,流速是多少。2.I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day.我剛要再睡,突然我的臥室亮如白晝。3.The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience,_I stayed at the top and watched them.另外兩人爬下火山口去收集供日后研究用的巖漿,我是第一次經歷這樣的事,所以留在山頂上觀察他們。4.It is said that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people.據說這個男孩就是滿族人的祖先,他具有語言天賦和很強的說服力?!窀呖挤段恼埜鶕旅嫣崾?,寫一篇短文。詞數不少于50。In an English speech competition, you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to the judges how you understand it._________________________________________________________________________________________________________________[范文]From the picture I can see a pair of proud compasses and a hardworking pencil. The compasses are big, drawing a circle with ease, while the pencil is small, drawing a line with great effort. I think the compasses are reasonable to be proud because no one else can do the job better. At the same time, however, he should realize the pencil has his own advantages. The pencil can do other shapes better than the compasses, even pictures. So in my opinion, while we are confident in ourselves, we should recognize strengths in others and show due respect for them.考 點 探 究互動探究·能力備考Ⅰ.詞匯短語過關1.appoint vt.任命;委派appointment n.任命;約會appoint sb. to+職位 任命某人擔任某職位appoint sb. as...任命某人為……appoint sb. to do sth.委派某人做某事appoint a time/place for為……約定時間/地點make an appointment約會;約定keep/break an appointment守(失)約[即學即練1](1)The president __________ a new director.總經理任命了一位新主任。(2)We __________ him (______/______ ______) chairman.我們選他擔任主席。(3)The teacher __________ me ______ ______ the roll.老師指派我點名。appointedappointedastobeappointedtocall。省略部分。ter timeC.it offers them opportunities to know more about European cultureD.it is very easy for them to be accepted by the natives in Bingham3.If a student plans to take the course, he has to arrive in Bingham at least ______ days in advance before term starts.A.2 B.4C.1 D.64.Which of the following might NOT be included in the program?A.Learning how to study in the college.B.Looking for a part-time job in the neighborhood.C.Traveling around Bingham.D.Understanding some taboo(禁忌) in European society. BWant to be a volunteer for the Beijing Olympics in 2008? Recently, the recruiting started.The recruiting of Beijing Olympics Volunteer starts from Aug. 28, 2006 to the end of March 2008.Stage 1: Beijing VolunteersFrom August 28, 2006, the program opens to applicants in Beijing (and Beijing only). Stage 2: China VolunteersFrom Dec. 2006, people from outside Beijing can submit their application.Stage 3: Overseas VolunteersBy March 2007, people from outside China (including in other countries) can apply for volunteering in the 2008 Olympics.The programTravel, hotel are not provided. Only the working meal is available for volunteers (makes sense, isn't it?).If you have any questions, just call Olympics Volunteer hotline: +861012308.According to news, 100 college students have applied for the position after three days of recruiting. 50 000 to 100 000 volunteers are needed for the game.If you want to participate, just call the number and ask more questions about the program. However, my guess is, to be admitted to the program is not easy.5.Who has the most time to apply for volunteering in the 2008 Olympics?A. Li Ling from Beijing.B. Wang Bing from Tianjin .C. Jane from Australia.D. Dongdong from Yunnan. 6.Being a volunteer in the 2008 Olympics, you can enjoy free ______ service. A. food B. taxi C. hotel D. ticket 7.Why does the author think it is not easy to be admitted to the program? A. Because too many people want to watch the game live. B. Because the volunteers can have good free meals every day. C. Because the volunteers can watch the game without buying a ticket. D. Because more and more people care for the Olympics .答案及解析:這是一篇說明文。本文介紹英國Bingham地區學院針對外國留學生開設的目標培訓班,介紹該培訓班的學習內容等相關信息。1.A。推理判斷題。從第二段的內容可以知道,這個課程能讓學員了解學校的相關情況,比如校園生活、學校設施與服務,有機會接觸、了解職工和學生。2.C。推理判斷題。從第三段第一節內容看,對于不是來自歐盟的留學生來說,他們不熟悉歐洲文化與風俗,因此這門課給他們提供了機會。3.D。細節考查題。第一段中,從It takes place in the week before term starts, from 24th—28th September, but you should plan to arrive in Bingham on the 22nd or 23rd September.可知道,課程是安排在開學之前的9月24—28日,至少應該在9月23日前到達學校,即開學(9月29日)前6天。4.B。推理判斷題。從文章內容看,全文圍繞目的在于讓學生了解大學的學習生活以及文化背景而開設的目標課程進行敘述,與學生的兼職工作沒有關系。5.C。細節計算題。根據Stage 3,海外的志愿者有一年的時間提交申請,中國人只有三個月的時間。6.A。細節題。根據The program 的前兩句:Travel, hotel are not provided. Only the working meal is available for volunteers.7.D。判斷推理題。越來越多的人關心奧運。要從正面的角度去理解。20
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