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英語句子成分劃分主語練習題.doc

'英語句子成分劃分主語練習題.doc'
?英語句子成分(一)句子主要成分有主語和謂語;次要成分有表語、賓語、定語、狀語、補足語和同位語。(二)主語:主語是一個句子所敘述的主體,一般位于句首。主語可由名詞、代詞、數詞、不定式、動名詞、名詞化的形容詞和主語從句等表示。例如:劃出主語并說出什么詞充當的主語we often speak english in class. one-third of the students in this class are girls.to swim in the river is a great pleasure.smoking does harm to the health.the rich should help the poor.it is necessary to master a foreign language.when we are going to have an english test has not been decided.(三)謂語:動詞做謂語,謂語說明主語所做的動作或具有的特征和狀態。謂語的構成如下:1、簡單謂語:由一個動詞或動詞短語構成。如:he practices running every morning.2、復合謂語:(1)如:you may keep the book for two weeks. he has caught a bad cold. (2)由系動詞加表語構成。如:we are students.例如:劃出表語并說出有什么詞充當our teacher of english is an american. is it yours?the weather has turned cold.the speech is exciting.three times seven is twenty one? his job is to teach english.his hobby is playing football. the machine must be out of order.time is up. the class is over. the truth is that he has never been abroad.(五)賓語:賓語表示動作的對象或承愛者,一般位于及物動詞和介詞后面。例如:they went to see an exhibition yesterday.they helped the old with their housework yesterday. he pretended not to see me. i enjoy listening to popular music. i think(that)he is fit for his office.賓語種類:(1)雙賓語(間接賓語+直接賓語),例如:lend me your dictionary, please.2)復合賓語(賓語+賓補),例如:they elected him their monitor.(六)賓語補足語:英語中有些及物動詞,除有一個直接賓語以外,還要有一個賓語補語,才能使句子的意義完整。帶有賓語補足語的一般句型為:某些及物動詞(如make等+賓語+賓補)。賓補可由名詞、形容詞、副詞、不定式、分詞、介詞短語和從句充當。例如:his father named him dongming.they painted their boat white.let the fresh air in. you mustn’t force him to lend his money to you.we saw her entering the room.we found everything in the lab in good order.we will soon make our city what your city is now.(七)定語:修飾名詞或代詞的詞、短語或從句稱為定語。定語可由以下等成分表示:名詞,形容詞,代詞,分詞,動名詞,不定式短語,介詞短語等1例如:找出定語并看由何種成分充當:guilin is a beautiful city.china is a developing country; america is a developed country.there are thirty women teachers is our school.his rapid progress in english made us surprised.our monitor is always the first to enter the classroom.the teaching plan for next term has been worked out.he is reading an article about how to learn english.(八)狀語:修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞或整個句子,說明動作或狀態特征的句子成分,叫做狀語??捎梢韵滦问奖硎荆簂ight travels most quickly.(副詞及副詞性詞組)he has lived in the city for ten years.(介詞短語)he is proud to have passed the national college entrance examination.(不定式短語)he is in the room making a model plane.(分詞短語)wait a minute.(名詞)once you begin, you must continue.(狀語從句)狀語種類如下:how about meeting again at six?(時間狀語)last night she didn’t go to the dance party because of the rain.(原因狀語)i shall go there if it doesn’t rain.(條件狀語)mr smith lives on the third floor.(地點狀語)she put the eggs into the basket with great care.(方式狀語)she came in with a dictionary in her hand.(伴隨狀語)in order to catch up with the others, i must work harder.(目的狀語)he was so tired that he fell asleep immediately.(結果狀語)she works very hard though she is old.(讓步狀語)i am taller than he is.(比較狀語)英。省略部分。,see, , watch, , look at, hear, listen to, feel等,用不定式作賓語補語時,要省去“to”。但用于被動語態時,還要 加上“to等 c 單詞help 后可加 to 或不加 to▲“賓語+現在分詞” see, , watch, , look at, hear, listen to, feel▲“賓語+過去分詞” ▲ 形式賓語+形容詞▲賓語+what 從句 +※主補:對主語的補充。例如:his father named him dongming.(名詞)they painted their boat white.(形容詞) let the fresh air in.(副詞)you mustn’t force him to lend his money to you.(不定式短語) we saw her entering the room.(現在分詞)we found everything in the lab in good order.(介詞短語)we will soon make our city what your city is now.(從句)(七)定語:修飾名詞或代詞的詞、短語或從句稱為定語。定語可由以下等成分表示: guilin is a beautiful city.(形容詞)china is a developing country; america is a developed country.(分詞)there are thirty women teachers is our school.(名詞)his rapid progress in english made us surprised.(代詞)our monitor is always the first to enter the classroom.(不定式短語)the teaching plan for next term has been worked out.(動名詞)he is reading an article about how to learn english.(介詞短語)(八)狀語:修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞或整個句子,說明動作或狀態特征的句子成分,叫做狀語??捎梢韵滦问奖硎荆?light travels most quickly.(副詞及副詞性詞組)he has lived in the city for ten years.(介詞短語)he is proud to have passed the national college entrance examination.(不定式短語)he is in the room making a model plane.(分詞短語)wait a minute.(名詞)once you begin, you must continue.(狀語從句)簡單句的五種基本句型口訣英語句子萬萬千,五大句型把線牽。句型種類為動詞,后接什么是關鍵;vt.又可分三類,單賓雙賓最常見;還有賓語補足語,各種搭配記心間。注意:帶特殊疑問詞的不定式短語作直接賓語是一種很常 用的形式,基本句型是:s+v+o(間接)+疑問詞+不定式簡單句的五個基本句型主語 + 不及物動詞 she came./ my head aches.主語 + 及物動詞 +賓語she likes english.主語 + 系動詞+表語she is happy.主語 + 雙賓動詞 +間接賓語 +直接賓語she gave john a book.she bought a book for me.主語 + 賓補動詞 + 賓語 + 賓語補語 she makes her mother angry.the teacher asked me to read the passage.( there +be there lies a book on the desk. )練習一一、指出下列句子句子成分:1. the students got on the school bus.2. he handed me the newspaper.3. i shall answer your question after class.4. what a beautiful chinese painting!5. they went hunting together early in the morning.6. his job is to train swimmers.7. he took many photos of the palaces in beijing.8. there is going to be an american film tonight.9. he is to leave for shanghai tomorrow.12. tom came to ask me for advice.13. he found it important to master english.14. do you have anything else to say?15. to be honest; your pronunciation is not so good.16. would you please tell me your address?17. he sat there, reading a newspaper.18. it is our duty to keep our classroom clean and tidy.19. he noticed a man enter the room.20. the apples tasted sweet.21. when you cross a main road, you must be careful.22 he went out to play football after he had finished his homework.23 wait until you are called.24 i cant recognize you. you are so changed since last we met. 25 he didnt go to school until he was eleven.26.you can use my house as long as you are careful.27.he is so terrible once he is drunk.28i listen to the radio while i walk every evening.29.put it where you found it. youll be late, unless you hurry.30i did just as you told me。
關 鍵 詞:
句子成分 主語 英語 劃分 練習題
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