讀寫4 課后題目(1、3、4、6、7).doc

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'讀寫4 課后題目(1、3、4、6、7).doc'
?......word文檔...范文范例...學習..參考Unit1 1. Why does the writer compare an artist who seeks fame to a dog chasing its own tail?Because like a dog chasing its own tail, when the artist captures the fame, he does not know what else to do but to continue chasing it.2. What will happen to artists if they become bored?Their work begins to show a lack of continuity in its appeal and it becomes difficult to sustain the attention of the public.3. Why is it possible for artists to lose support from the audiences if they make changes to their style?Because the public discounts styles other than those for which the artists have become famous.4. What do famous writers, painters and moviemakers have to give up in order to maintain their fame and fortune, according to the writer?Their freedom to express themselves with other styles or forms.5. In which way is the performer similar to the politician, according to the writer?They have to please their audiences by saying things they don’t mean or fully believe.6. What does the writer want to show by giving an example of Oscar Wilde’s uncompromising behavior?Artists pay a heavy price for remaining true to themselves. 7. What explanation may failed artists give to themselves for their failure? Their genius is too sophisticated for contemporary audiences. 8. Why are Thomas Wolfe, Beethoven, Pestalozzi, and Thomas Edison mentioned in Paragraph 8?To show that failure has motivated some famous people to work even harder to succeed. Unit31. What does the writer mean by saying “A welfare client is supposed to cheat. Everybody expects it”? He means that a welfare client is believed to lie to get a little extra welfare money and everyone knows it well. 2. How has the author chosen to live as a welfare client? He has chosen to live an honest life by drumming up some business outside and drawing cartoons for magazines. 3. Why do the caseworkers think they are entitled to have clients bow to them? Because they know clearly that they are being made fools of by some of their clients, and they feel they are entitled to have clients bow to them as compensation. 4. What is the writer’s attitude toward caseworkers? He doesn’t think those caseworkers are to blame, so he isn’t being bitter.5. Why did the caseworkers become “detectives” according to the writer? Because the welfare system practically requires people to lie.6.How could the author possibly get his wheelchair repaired? He had to call a caseworker he called Suzanne first. After giving a little lecture, Suzanne was supposed to notify the medical worker, who would certify that there was a problem. Then the medical worker called the wheelchair repair companies to get the cheapest bid. Then the medical worker alerted the main welfare office. They considered the matter for days before calling back and approving the repair, if he was lucky. 7. What does the writer think of the current welfare system? He thinks t。省略部分。 he decides to give up his principles in a negotiation with some government officials? He will probably bribe the officials. 3.Why are practices such as paying agents and purchasers an exaggerated commission, and offering additional discounts described as “questionable”? Because these practices are likely to be morally wrong and may be seen as forms of bribery. 4. What might individuals from a foreign company do if they want to sell arms to a country? They might make large payments to ruling families or their close advisers, or make donations to party bank accounts. 5. What does “a copy with a preface” mentioned in Paragraph 7 refer to? It refers to a rare edition of a book with $20,000 slipped within its pages. 6. What efforts has the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) made to prevent bribery?It has proposed a council to manage a code of conduct, which can distinguish between commissions paid for real services and exaggerated fees that really amount to bribes. 7. Has the ICC finally taken action to prohibit bribery? Why or why not? No. because its members have different opinions about the duties of the ICC. 8. Can you give an example mentioned in the text to show that “industry is caught in a web of bribery”? More than 300 US companies, for example, admitted that they had made questionable payments. Unit71. What does The History and Geography of Human Genes conclude? The book concludes that despite surface features, the “races” are remarkably alike under the skin. 2. Who created the first genetic map of the world? Luca Cavalli-Sforza, a Stanford professor, and his colleagues.3.Where did the scientists find the information to draw a global family tree? In human blood, because various proteins serve as markers to reveal a person’s genetic makeup. 4. Why did people assume that Australia’s native people were closely related to black Africans? What do the discoveries made by the scientists show? Because they share such superficial characteristics as skin color and body shape. But the discoveries indicate that Australians are most distant from the Africans and most closely resemble the Southeast Asians. 5. What else does the genetic map of the world show us about Africa? It confirms that Africa was the birthplace of humanity and thus the starting point of the original human movements. 6. What does the genetic map show about Khoisan people? It shows that the Khoisan may be a very ancient mix of west Asians and black Africans, rather than being directly descended from the most primitive human ancestors, and that their breeding ground lies in Ethiopia. 7. According to genetic information, are Europeans pure or mixed? All Europeans are thought to be a mixed population, with 65% Asian and 35% African genes. 8. What is the ultimate aim of the study conducted by the scientists? The ultimate aim is to weaken conventional notions of race that cause racial prejudice. ......專業資料...內容齊全...分享...下載
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