教材分析、文本分析.ppt

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'教材分析、文本分析.ppt'
文本分析文本分析為什么要做文本分析?做好教材分析是備課和上課的第一步。教師不僅要熟悉教材內容,還要對教材進行深入的研讀,從而有效地把握教材的題材、體裁、重點語言學習內容(知識與技能)、以及教材編者或作者希望傳遞的情感態度和價值觀。對教材全面而深入的分析,有利于教師確定好教學目標和教學的重點。文本分析如何進行文本分析?What?寫了什么?How?如何寫的?Main learning contents?涉及哪些語言、技能、策略、文化內容?Why?為什么寫?傳遞了什么樣的情感、態度、價值觀? 文本分析案例文本分析:Lesson 1 Body Language 主題:肢體語言語篇:描述說明類文體基于語篇的文本分析(語言知識、文化知識、思維發展) 本文是一篇關于肢體語言的說明文。文章第一段第一句就點明了主旨,即肢體語言是一種常見而重要的交流形式。然后舉例說明有些肢體語言(比如點頭表示同意,把手指放到嘴唇上表示要安靜)是全球通用的。第二段舉例說明不同的文化有自己獨有的肢體語言,比如,西方人的聳肩和日本人的鞠躬都是其文化特有的。第三段進一步說明肢體語言在不同文化中有具體的使用方法。比如在日本何時需要鞠躬如何正確鞠躬,在歐洲如何正確使用親吻禮,在中東如何注意不要冒犯別人等。第四段呼應主旨句,得出結論,即在跨文化交際中,肢體語言和口頭語言一樣重要。作者想要表達的觀點是在跨文化交際中首先要理解異國文化,才能做到尊重異國文化。文本分析:Lesson 1 Body Language 本文在介紹肢體語言這一現象時,采用的是邊描述邊舉例說明的手法,幫助讀者更好地理解肢體語言的豐富文化內涵和重要意義。由于篇幅短,文章只能對肢體語言進行簡單介紹,其目的是引發學生對肢體語言的關注和思考,鼓勵他們去探究更多種類的肢體語言在不同文化中的意義,從而形成跨文化交際的意識。本文的重點是肢體語言的英文表達及其意義,讓學生理解肢體語言的重要性。本文的難點包括肢體語言的英文表達及意義,被動語態,以及區分肢體語言使用的地區。文本分析:Lesson 1 Body Language Body language is an important form of communication.Body language is as important as the spoken language when we communicate with people from other cultures. 教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language 讀前----引入話題,預教詞匯,讀前預測提問What do you know about body language? OR What body language do you often use?頭腦風暴,補充圖片來呈現部分生詞如nod, bow, kiss, greet。提問Is body language as important as spoken language when we communicate with people from other cultures? 引發學生思考,并猜測文章作者的觀點。教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀中----梳理文章的邏輯關系,學習語言1. 快速閱讀,圈出文中提到的body language。 找出作者的觀點:How important is body language? 教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀中----梳理文章的邏輯關系,學習語言2. 填表格,梳理文中body language的意義和使用地區。教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀中----梳理文章的邏輯關系,學習語言3. True or False.讓學生進一步熟悉上面表格的內容。People from different cultures can’t understand each other’s body language.People often put their fingers up to their mouths to ask for silence.People in Japan often shrug their shoulders to show they don’t care about something.In Europe, two men often kiss each other cheek when they meet on the street. In the Middle East, it’s rude to touch people with your shoes....教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀中----梳理文章的邏輯關系,學習語言4. 提問Why is body language important?借此梳理作者的寫作思路。Body language is used everywhere. Some body language is understood by people around the world. Body language is used differently in different cultures. When you communicate with people from other cultures, sometimes it’s rude to use body language in the wrong way. So we have to learn more about body language of other cultures to show our respect. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. 教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀中----梳理文章的邏輯關系,學習語言5. 詞匯教學建議:猜詞。People nod their head to show agreement and they put their fingers up to their mouths to ask for silence.People shrug their shoulders to show they don’t understand or they don’t care about something. It is very rude to show the bottom of your shoe…It is also not polite to touch people with your shoes. (根據下一句話猜rude一詞的意思)教學建議:Lesson 1 Body Language讀后----內化語言,啟發思維讓學生借助表格,做一個關于body language的report。內化信息,。省略部分。ssful?He was creative. He was smart. He never gave up. He knew how to make teams achieve great results. He tried to make perfect products. 1)通過展示已知圖片,激活背景知識,為標題和插圖預測做鋪墊clever tricky wise naughtyShe falls down a rabbit hole…2)通過解讀標題與插圖,預測文本內容AnneorphanunmarriedMatthew CuthbertAnneMatthew CuthbertWho went to the station?Who did he come for? A boy or a girl?How did he feel?What was Anne like?Did Matthew accept Anne at last?What made Matthew change his mind?1)設置問題鏈,獲得文章主旨大意(while-reading 1 skimming)2)關注細節,在詳讀中獲取信息,推斷人物性格(while-reading 2 scanning)Ann’s characterMatthew’s characterAppearance Action Language What other people saidAnn’s characterMatthew’s characterAppearance Wore an old brown hat ----poor, With lots of freckles ----lovely, Her big green eyes looked back at him ----brave, Ann’s characterMatthew’s characterAction She started the conversation ----outgoingAnne talked on and on ----talkativeHe enjoyed the journey and the smell of the apple trees in silence ---- silent, quietAnn’s characterLanguage I made up my mind to go down … I wouldn’t be afraid and it would be lovely… ----brave, full of imagination, cheerful, optimistic…I know you and I are going to get along fine. ----confidentMatthew’s characterLanguage I’m sorry I’m late. Come on. Give me your bag. ----polite, gentle, shyYou can talk as much as you like. I don’t mind. ----kind, patientAnn’s characterWhat other people said It came half an hour ago. There was one passenger. She’s sitting over there. ---- patient, independent She’s very good at talking. That’s for sure. ---- talkative 1)通過上下文,和構詞法推斷、理解生詞的含義 (while-reading 3)情境1:Anne came here by train, so the station manager said she was the passenger.train情境2:Many children have freckles on their faces, but as we know, when they were babies, their faces were clean, without anything. As they grow up, more and more freckles are on their faces. But in my opinion, children seem lovely with them.faces情境3:Normally, too much talking would make Matthew angry. But when Anne apologized to him, he told Anne not to say sorry, and to talk as much as she liked.say sorryDiscuss in groups: Is it possible or impossible?Anne got along well with Matthew.Anne studied hard and became a good teacher when she grew up.Anne was loved by everyone.Anne got along well with Matthew.Possible:Though Anne was talkative, Matthew was patient.impossible:Anne was too talkative, however, Matthew was quiet and silent.Anne studied hard and became a good teacher when she grew up.Possible: Anne was confident, and she was patient, too.impossible: Anne was good at imagining, maybe she couldn’t pay attention to the teacher, so she couldn’t study well, and could not be a teacher.Anne was loved by everyone.Possible: Anne was optimistic, brave and outgoing. She was also polite. impossible: Anne was too talkative... Thank You!
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