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必修二unit2-一般將來時被動語態.ppt

'必修二unit2-一般將來時被動語態.ppt'
一般將來時被動語態GrammarDefinition:英語動詞除時態外,還有語態。語態指的是句子中主語和謂語動詞的關系。當主語是動作的執行者時,謂語動詞的形式就是主動語態。當主語是動作的承受者時,謂語動詞的形式就是被動語態。Let’s review!一般現在時的被動語態1. the present passive voice結構:am / is / are + 過去分詞 e.g. Tom breaks the beautiful kite.The beautiful kite is broken by Tom. 一般過去時的被動語態2.the past passive voice結構: was / were + 過去分詞e.g. Our ancient people built the Great Wall.The Great wall was built by our ancient people.Have a try! Fill in the blank with the right form of the verb given.Their house __________ (paint) last week.Visitors ____________ (request) not to take photos in this museum.This terrible disease ____________ (spread) in 2003.Students _______ (tell) to work hard everyday.was paintedare requestedare toldwas spreadedThe Future Passive Voice【含義】 表示將要發生的被動動作,后常跟表示將來時的時間狀語?!窘Y構】 shall /will+be +過去分詞shall只用于第一人稱,will可用于所有人稱1.They will give her a gold medal.2.The construction workers will put down the old temple.3.They will read The Music of Chance by Paul Auster.4.The rabbits will eat the carrots.She will be given a gold medal.The old temple will be pulled down.The Music of Chance by Paul Auster will be read.The carrots will be eaten by the rabbits.Step 3 Practice: A.Turn the following sentences into Passive Voice:5.The Russian businessman will buy the famous painting by Xu Beihong.6.The teacher will mark the students’ homework tonight.The famous painting by Xu Beihong will be bought by the Russian businessman.The students’ homework will be marked tonight.7.They will make some parts of the car in the factory.8.They will finish this project in five years.Some parts of the car will be made in the factory.This project will be finished in five years.C.用適當的形式填空More and more students will study in our school, so it _________ (become) much larger. The engineers ____________(design) a project now. a new building ___________(set) up. The playground _______________(rebuild). New equipment ___________(buy) When the project _______________(finish). More books ____________(keep) in the library. We can _______(enjoy) reading in the bright reading room. There ________(be)many trees and flowers in the school. We ___________(see) a beautiful and modern school next year. will becomeare designingwill be setwill be rebuiltWill be boughtis finishedWill be keptenjoywill bewill seeSB1 UNIT 8GrammarNotes:注意下面句型由主動語態變被動語態的方法。1.主語 + 謂語 + 賓語主動:We will build a new house next year.被動:A new house will be built ( by us ) next year.2.主語 + 謂語 + 間接賓語 + 直接賓語(含有雙賓語的主動語態,在變為被動語態時,可將其中一個賓語改為主語,另一個不變。習慣上把間接賓語改為被動語態的主語。)主動:My mother will give me a T-shirt.被動:I will be given a T-shirt ( by my mother ).注意:如果把直接賓語改為主語,則在間接賓語前加to或for。主動:My mother will give me a T-shirt.被動:A T-shirt will be given to me ( by my mother).主動:My mother will buy me a new coat.被動:A new coat will be bought for me ( by my mother ).3.主語 + 謂語 + 賓語 + 賓補主動:We will ask him to help you.被動:He will be asked to help you ( by us ).注意:含。省略部分。 31st Olympic Games be hosted by Rio de Janeiro in the year 2016?特殊疑問式: When will the 31st Olympic Games be hosted by Rio de Janeiro ?主語+will/shall not be done…Will +主語+be done…?特殊疑問詞+will+主語+be done…?Let’s practice!1.The rabbits will eat the carrots.被動形式:被動句的一般疑問句:Will the carrots be eaten by the rabbits?對被動句劃線部分提問:What will be eaten by the rabbits?被動句的否定式: The carrots will be eaten by the rabbits. The carrots will not be eaten by the rabbits.practice一般將來時的其他常見的被動語態形式1be going to do sth. be going to be done常用來表示按計劃或安排將來要發生的被動動作。The old library is going to be pulled down soon.E.g.:那座舊的圖書館很快要被拆除了。E.g.:他的新書下個月就要出版了。His new book is going to be published next month.2be to do sth. 短時期內的打算 be to be doneYour homework is to be handed in tomorrow.E.g.:你們的家庭作業明天必須要交上來。E.g.:這個任務要在10分鐘之內完成。The task is to be finished in ten minutes.3be about to do sth.正要做某事 be about to be done I am about to leave when it begins to rain.E.g.:我 正要出門這時下雨了。 1.They will give her a gold medal.(被動語態) 2.The construction workers are going to put down the old temple.(被動語態) 3. We are to repair the machine tomorrow.(被動語態) 4. These trees are going to be cut down .(否定式)She will be given a gold medal.The old temple is going to be pulled down.The machine is to be repaired by us tomorrow.These trees are not going to be cut down.Let us practice5.Many new sport venues will be built for the Olympic Games.(一般疑問句)Will many new sport venues be built for the Olympic Games?6. The sports meeting is to be held on Dec. 5.When is the sports meeting to be held?7.The football match is going to be held in our school next week . Where is the football match going to be held next week?1. Many chances ___________ (lose) if you don’t work hard.will be lost2. You ______________ (fine罰款) by the police if you keep driving so fast.will be fined3. The question is going to ____________ (discuss) by us.be discussed4. Don’t worry about that. It ______________ (finish) next week.will be finished5. All those old buildings __________ down tomorrow. A. will be knocked B. will knock C. will have knocked D. knock6. The mistakes in the exercises will __________ the teacher.   A. cross B. be crossing C. be crossed by D. cross by7. It is said that a new robot _______by him in a few days. A. designed B. has been designed   C. will be designed   D. will have been designed 8. Hundreds of jobs _________ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose9. The water will be further polluted unless some measures ____. A. will be taken B. are taken C. were taken D. had been taken10. These films _______ until tomorrow morning. A. can't develop B. aren't developing C. won't be developed D. won't develop
關 鍵 詞:
unit 將來 一般 unit2 被動 必修 語態
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