(浙江專用)2020高考英語二輪復習專題五層級三題型應對策略第二講讀后續寫教案.docx

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'(浙江專用)2020高考英語二輪復習專題五層級三題型應對策略第二講讀后續寫教案.docx'
?第二講 讀后續寫一、命題特點讀后續寫是一種將閱讀與寫作緊密結合的考查形式,旨在考查考生的綜合語言運用能力。讀后續寫——給出前文,寫后文。理論上來說,前文用于閱讀輸入信息,信息經過大腦思維轉換后,形成對前文的理解,理解一定是建立在確定主旨大意,明確前文作者態度和關鍵信息的前提下,在大腦思維中建立一個對前文的理解框架和概括,在此基礎上,繼續建立順序思維,確定接下來在理解前文的基礎上如何安排下面繼續可能或者應該出現的內容,續寫部分內容不僅要求詞匯和語言框架的準確使用、 語言的潤色等,更重要的是,你要明白你應該如何整理續寫內容,以使得其和前文形成統一連貫的、能夠表述完整信息的表達內容。續寫是讀和寫的統一,之間穿插了對閱讀能力、概括能力、思維轉化能力、語言領悟能力、語言組織能力、創造性思維能力,以及對上下文邏輯關系的掌握等的考查。續寫對于前文文本的選擇應該是脈絡清晰,能夠為不同層次考生根據不同能力確認主旨信息的文本。前文的選擇一定既要信息完整,可以提煉觀點,又要為下面的續寫留有余地,考驗命題者的選文判斷能力。高質量地完成讀后續寫最重要的是要通過大量閱讀信息的輸入,形成一定的閱讀思維能力。沉淀思維,歸納信息,梳理脈絡,轉換思維,那么閱讀的思維能力注定會迅速提升,對續寫的前文的理解是這一題型的最關鍵部分,否則后面的續寫就不會有任何形成思維的信息輸入,也就談不上輸出了!多讀,多思維,多沉淀,多拓展,這是應對讀后續寫的重要環節!二、題型特點讀后續寫的閱讀材料一般以350詞以內的記敘文和夾敘夾議文為主,偶有少量議論文??忌诖宋牡暮竺娼又m寫約150詞左右的文字與前文構成一個完整的故事。一般來說,記敘文淺顯易懂,但故事情節多曲折動人,故事線索的邏輯性也較強。要求考生續寫的部分多是故事發展的高潮或結局。情節曲折跌宕,線索性和邏輯性較強??忌プ」适碌臄⑹戮€索,依據原文的寫作思路續寫文章,并適當發散。寫作要求考生在讀懂原文的基礎上,在規定時間內展開合理的想象,并運用所學的英語知識完成一篇約150詞左右的續寫。原文給出10處左右的標有下劃線的關鍵詞語,所續寫短文應使用5個以上。續寫部分分為兩段,每段開頭語已經給出??忌m寫的部分要有創新性,不是原文的抄寫或胡編亂造,同時,還要帶有原文色彩(必須使用原文5處以上的關鍵詞語)。續寫一般分為兩類:半開放性續寫和完全開放性續寫。半開放性續寫要求考生務必根據文章的邏輯推理續寫。完全開放性續寫則要求考生依據文章的思路自由發揮。續寫時要盡可能與原材料的中心思想和語言風格上保持一致。讀后續寫不是隨心所欲地寫,而是要在所給段落開頭和所標出關鍵詞的幫助下完成續寫部分(150詞左右)。其中,段落開頭語與傳統寫作中的開頭語類似,在某種程度上引導你的思路向某個方面發展,所續寫部分不能脫離各自的段落開頭語另起爐灶,要在其基礎上進行拓展發揮。讀后續寫要求讀寫并重,需要考生對給定材料精確理解,這樣所續寫部分才不至于偏離主題,就這方面而言,讀后續寫有點類似閱讀理解題中對文章后續發展的推斷,如:What would happen next?續寫部分的思路和內容并不一定是唯一的,考生可根據自己對上文材料的理解,對文章的結尾做出不同的詮釋。(2018·浙江卷6月)閱讀下面短文, 根據所給情節進行續寫, 使之構成一個完整的故事。It was summer,and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before.He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.We took a plane to Albuquerque,a big city in the state of New Mexico.We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon.Uncle__Paul,__my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle.My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm__house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby.Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast.“The day starts at dawn on my farm,” he said.After breakfast,I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens, while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses.They looked really cool. In the afternoon,I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a horse ride,and he said yes,as long as my dad went with me.I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway.So,my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats,got on our horses,and headed slowly towards the mountains.“Don’t be late for supper,” Uncle Paul cried,“and keep to the track so that you don’t get__lost!”“OK!”my dad cried back.After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight.It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(編織的) blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.注意:1.所續寫短文的詞數應為150左右。省略部分。lly it exploded into an exchange of bitter words followed by weeks of silence.One morning, there was a knock on John’s door. He opened it to find a man with a carpenter’s toolbox.“I’m looking for a few days’ work,”he said.“Perhaps you have a few jobs here and there. Could I help you?”“Yes,”said John.“I do have a job for you. Look across the small creek at that farm. That’s my neighbor. In fact, it’s my younger__brother. Last week there was a meadow between us and he took his bulldozer(推土機)there and now there is a creek between us. Well, he may have done this to annoy me but I’ll do better. See that pile of wood by the barn(谷倉)? I want you to build__a__fence—an 8-feet-high fence—so I won’t need to see his place anymore.”The carpenter said,“I think I understand the situation. Show me the nails and hole digger and I’ll be able to do a job that please you.”The older brother had to go to the town for supplies, so he helped the carpenter get everything ready and then he left.The carpenter worked__hard all that day measuring, sawing and nailing the bridge. At sunset when John returned, the carpenter had just finished his job. John’s eyes opened wide, his jaw dropped.注意:1.所續寫短文的詞數應為150左右;2.至少使用5個短文中標有下劃線的關鍵詞語;3.續寫部分分為兩段,每段的開頭語已為你寫好;4.續寫完成后,請用下劃線標出你所使用的關鍵詞語。Paragraph 1:There was no fence at all. It was a bridge! ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Paragraph 2:They turned to see the carpenter lift the toolbox onto his shoulder.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________One possible version:Paragraph 1:There was no fence at all. It was a bridge! A bridge stretched from one side of the creek to the other! John was about to complain about everything when he found the__neighbor,__his younger__brother,__was coming across the bridge, his hands outstretched.“You are quite a fellow to build this bridge after all I have said and done,”said John’s brother. The two brothers met in the middle, taking each other’s hand and hugging each other.Paragraph 2:They turned to see the carpenter lift the toolbox onto his shoulder.“No, wait! Stay a few more days. We have more jobs for you,”said the older brother.“I’d love to stay on,”the carpenter said,“but I have many more bridges to build.”Observing the carpenter leaving, the two brothers waved grateful good-bye to him. What a thought-provoking story! Every day we have the choice of building__a__fence or a bridge. One leads to separation and anger while the other leads to openness and friendship.
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二輪 應對 層級 復習 專題 策略 英語 第二 高考 2020
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