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Unit_5__I'm_watchingTV知識解析和基礎練習.doc

'Unit_5__I'm_watchingTV知識解析和基礎練習.doc'
?Unit 5 I'm watching TV重點和練習現在進行時現在進行時的定義:現在進行時表示現在或當前一段時間正在進行的動作。構成現在進行時的構成是:主語+be+v-ing〔現在分詞〕形式 第一人稱單數 I+am+doing+sth  第一人稱復數 We+are+doing +sth  第二人稱單(復)數 You+are+doing+sth  第三人稱單數 He(She,it)+is+doing+sth  第三人稱復數 They+are+doing +sth  肯定句:主語+is/am/are+現在分詞  否定句:主語+is/am/are+not+現在分詞  一般疑問句:Is/am/are+主語+現在分詞 現在分詞變化規則  1.直接+ ing(例:sleep+ing sleeping)  2.不發音的e結尾,去e+ing(例:bite-e+ing biting)  3.重讀閉音節,且末尾只有1個輔音字母,雙寫輔音字母+ing(例:sit+t+ing sitting) beginning,putting, shopping, stopping。4.特殊變化:die-dying,lie-lying,tie-tying考試中??嫉默F在進行時的應用   (1)當句子中有now時,常表示動作正在進行,這時要用現在進行時。如: They are playing basketball now.現在他們正在打球?! ?2)以look, listen開頭的句子,提示我們動作正進行,這時要用現在進行時。如: Listen!She is singing an English song.聽,她正在唱英語歌。   (3)表示當前一段時間或現階段正在進行的動作,且此時有this week, these days等時間狀語,這時常用現在進行時。如:  We are making model planes these days.這些天我們在做飛機模型。 (4)描述圖片中的人物的動作,也為了表達更生動。此時也常用現在進行時。如: Look at the picture. The children are flying kites in the park.看這幅圖,那些孩子正在公園放風箏。 重點短語1. watch TV 看電視2. watch, see, look, read這四個詞的區別:1)watch 意為“觀看、注視”。指長時間看某一活動的場面,如:看電視、比賽、表演、賞月等。 He likes watching TV. 他喜歡看電視。2)look 強調發出看的動作,不注重結果。是一個不及物動詞,帶賓語時加at。如:Look. There is a boy under the tree.看,樹下有一個男孩。3)see 強調“看”的結果。指看見還是沒看見。也指看電影(see a comedy)、看?。╯ee a doctor)如:I can see some birds in the tree. 我能看見樹上有一些鳥。4)read 意為“看、讀”。其賓語常是有文字的“書、報、雜志”等。如: He is reading a book. 他正在看書。體會下邊的話:看,大衛正在看黑板。他能看見一位女孩在看書,她沒有看電視。Look. David is looking at the blackboard. He can see a girl. She is reading books. She isn’t watching TV.3. clean 1) 形容詞?!案蓛舻摹比纾?The desk is clean. 桌子很干凈。 2)動詞?!皰叱?、清除”。如: He is cleaning his room.他正在打掃房間4. eat dinner 吃晚飯5. talk on the phone. 在電話上交談。注意用介詞on.6. want to do sth 想要做某事。7. go to the movies 去看電影。8. That sounds good. 那聽起來不錯。9. TV show 電視節目。10. write a letter 寫信。Write a letter to sb. = write to sb. 給某人寫信。I often write a letter to my friend. = I often write to my friend. 我經常給朋友寫信。11. Sure. 當然。用來同意對方的請求或建議。如: -May I have a look? –sure. 12. Let’s + 動詞原形。 表“建議”。意為“讓我們做……”如:Let’s see the tigers first. 讓我們先看老虎吧。13. read a book 看書。也可說“read books”14. wait等;等候。不及物動詞。帶賓詞時加for.即:wait for sb/ sth. 等候某人或某物。如:He is waiting for a bus. 他正在等一輛公共汽車。15.talk to sb 對某人說話。Talk with sb. 和某人交談。雙方平等。Talk about sth. 談論某事。如:He is talking with his mother about his study. 他正和他媽媽談論他的學習情況。16. all 全部;全都。指三者及三者以上。通常放助動詞后,實義動詞前。如:We are all students. 我們全都是學生。They all work hard. 他們全都努力學習。17. at the mall 在購物商場。注意用“at”。又如:at the library在圖書館 at the pool在游泳池18. at school 在學校。19. thanks for 因…而感謝。如:Thanks for your pen. Thank sb for + 名詞/代詞/V-ing. 因…而感謝某人。如:Thank you for your help. 謝謝你的幫助。 =Thank you for helping me. 20. photo 照片。復數加-s。以o結尾的名詞只有tomato 和potato的復數加-es。其余的加-s。21. Here is /are …這兒有……。is后接單數;are后接復數。如:Here is your book. 這是你的書。Here are your books. 這是你們的書。22. some of… “……中的一些”。后接可數復數或不可數。如:So。省略部分。watch)TV? —No, he isn’t.14.She (not do)her homework. She’s reading.15.It’s seven in the morning. Mr Black (have) breakfast.16.Lily likes very much. She very well.She can English songs.Listen! She (sing)now.17.My brother (take)a shower now.18. Bob (swim) now?19.—What the children ?(do) —They are reading.20.—What is Mike doing? —He (run).apartment, pool, camera,shop,birdⅤ.句型轉換(每題1分,共10分)46. They often draw pictures in the evening.(用now改寫句子) They pictures now.47.Linda is writing a letter to her parents.(改否定句) Linda a letter to her parents.48.Is she eating an orange?(作否定回答) , she .49.She plays the piano in the morning.(用now替換劃線部分)She the piano .50.Tom wants to go to the movies.(改為一般疑問句) Tom to go to the movies?51.Are they having lunch at home now?(用every day替換now) they lunch at home every day ?52.My sister and I are cleaning our room.(對劃線部分提問) are your sister and you ?53.She’ s running.(改為一般疑問句) she ?54.We’re talking to our friends.(對劃線部分提問) are you to?55.I’m swimming at the pool.(對劃線部分提問) you ? 閱讀理解。Mr Turner is standing near the window. His wife, Mrs Turner, is sitting behind him. She is reading a book. She closes the book and asks her husband, "What are you looking at?" "I'm looking at a boy." Mr Turner answers. "He's under the tree near our house. He's looking at my bike." "Oh," Mrs Turner says. "What is he doing now?" "He's cleaning the seat." says Mr Turner. "Now he is riding my bike." Mrs Turner looks out of the window and then she says, "Ah, don't you know who he is? He is our son! He is going to school. You must wear glasses(眼鏡)!" 根據短文內容回答下列各問題。 1. Where are Mr and Mrs Turner? __________________________________ 2. Is Mrs Turner sitting or standing? __________________________________ 3. What's Mr Turner looking at? __________________________________ 4. Where's Mr Turner's bike? __________________________________ 5. Why is the boy riding the bike? __________________________________ V 根據首字母補全對話(10分)George: Hi, Pamela.Pamela: Hi, George. What are you d (46now?George: I am r (47)a book. It is i (48).Pamela: Do you w (49)to go to the movies?George: That s (50)good. Is there any action movie today?Pamela: No, there isn’t. There is a t (51). George: I don’t like thrillers. Let’s go s (52).Pamela: swimming? Great! When will we m(53)?George: How a (54)5:00?Pamela: OK, let’s meet at the swimming p (55). See you then. George: See you.VII 書面表達(15分) 假如現在是晚上七點半,請你根據Tom提供的信息,寫一篇短文描述Tom一家人此刻的活動情況,六十詞左右。Father Read a bookMotherClean the roomGrandfatherWash the clothesTomDo his homeworkNancyPlay with the cat第 4 頁 共 4 頁
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