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廣東高考英語完形填空題解讀與解題思路.doc

'廣東高考英語完形填空題解讀與解題思路.doc'
?廣東高考英語完形填空題解讀與解題思路一、篇章特點近三年廣東高考英語完形填空的短文長度都在200詞左右(2007年153詞,2008年206詞,2009年173詞),生詞少,難度適中。一般來說,首句不設空格,提供充足語境。從體裁上來說涉及記敘文、說明文和議論文。比如2006年高考是一篇夾敘夾議的議論文,2007年高考是一篇介紹一種軟件的說明文,2008年高考是一篇記敘文,2009年高考也是記敘文。掌握各種文體的特點有助于我們快速而準確地理解短文內容,采取恰當的解題思路和方法。廣東省《考試說明》建議的答題時間為15分鐘, 實際上答題的時間應該不需要15分鐘。(10 + 2分鐘內完成。其中2分鐘檢查。)二、選項特點2007—2009年完形填空的選項分布如下表:名詞動詞形容詞副詞2007年52212008年24402009年3421就命題的著眼點來說,主要是要求考生通過對上下文的理解,進行適當的邏輯推理,選擇一個意義和用法都符合語境的選項。其中,也有涉及構詞法知識的內容,如正確選項可能為由課標詞匯的詞根派生的新詞。如:2. A. uncomfortable B. unbelievable C. unacceptable D. unrecognizable (08年24題)3. A. independent B. infrequent C. inexpensive D. instant(07年26題)還有可能考查固定搭配。三、完形填空解題指導要領: 1.完形填空的短文通常沒有標題且文章的首句和尾句,一般不設空,要特別注重對首、尾句的理解,因為它們往往提示或點明文章的主題,對理解全文有較大幫助。 2.第一遍通讀帶有空缺單詞的短文時可能一時把握不住短文內容,弄不清頭緒,這是很正常的。此時要注意克服畏難情緒和急躁心理,應穩定情緒,明確大意。 3.做題時切勿一看到一個空格就急著選出一個答案,這樣往往只見樹木不見樹林。由于缺乏全局觀念,極易導致連續選錯。因為完形填空不同于單個句子的選詞填空,其空白處是位于一篇文章之中,因此必須縱觀全文、通篇考慮。 4.每篇完形填空所設的空多以實詞為主,干擾項也多半與前、后的句子或詞組可以形成某種搭配,即如單從語法角度判斷則無法確定,還必須從語篇意義上加以鑒別。 5.動筆時先易后難,先完成容易、有把握的答案,這樣可以增強自信心,然后再集中精力解決難點。對于實在無法確定的,可以從文中同樣結構或類似結構中尋找提示,大膽地作出猜測。 ●熱身練習:→廣東省高考《英語科考試說明》提供的樣題:Nick sat in my classroom after school, five years ago, wanting help on a research paper that stood between him and graduation. An 21 student at the school, he felt much worried about his assignment. Many 22 find themselves in the same position: A child feels lost with 23 and turns to you for help. Not wanting the child to 24 , some parents step in and take over. I could easily tell the _25 between a parent’s writing style and the student’s style on homework. Parents often have pure purposes, but the result can be 26 . They’re cheating their kids out of the very education they want them to get. Allowing children to master a skill 27 lifelong gains. Some ways to help without hurting: Be a model learner. If your child sees you 28 papers, magazines or literature, he’ll be more motivated to learn. If you’re 29 that he or she is falling behind, talk with the teacher about it instead of doing the work yourself. Nick made it through fine. I didn’t write his paper. Nor did his mother. Instead, we guided him together. At 30 , we are very happy to see him collect his diploma. But no one was prouder than Nick. He knew what he had done.21. A. average B. excellent C. open-minded D. absent-minded22. A. children B. teachers C. parents D. students23. A. school B. homework C. research D. graduation24. A. lose B. graduate C. succeed D. fail25. A. difference B. similarity C. comparison D. distance26. A. pitiful B. successful C. harmful D. useful27. A. results in B. comes from C. makes up D. takes over28. A. writing B. reading C. learning D. collecting29. A. sure B. anxious C. worried D. happy30. A. classroom B. home C. graduation D. presentation● 解題技巧:Skill 1 :___。省略部分。had in the last seconds before skating onto the ice was __25__. She was feeling the movement of the __26__ and letting it carry her. She skated easily, then did some jumps, a final turn and her performance was finished. The crowd loved it and cheered as she skated off the ice. “Nice job,” said one of the other __27__. It was the remark that always came after a free-skating performance. But what should the __28__ say? Standing beside her father, Peggy waited for the scoring to be finished. On all sides were other young skaters, some waiting __29__ alone, others with a parent. Shortly before 10 o’clock the results were __30__. The new United States Women’s Figure Skating Champion was Peggy Fleming of Passdena, California.21. A. looked22. A. friend23. A. started24. A. thought25. A. lost26. A. music27. A. skaters28. A. players29. A. comfortably30. A. cried outB. watchedB. childrenB. playedB. beliefB. presentB. fear B. parentsB. audienceB. hurriedlyB. let outC. foundC. sonC. developedC. successC. strongC. iceC. teachersC. judgesC. happilyC. announcedD. steppedD. daughterD. sangD. anxietyD. goneD. bodyD. journalistsD. listenersD. anxiouslyD. declared綜合練習 3:A father had a family of sons who were always quarreling among themselves. When he ___21___ to end their disputes by his suggestions, he determined to give them a practical example of the wrongdoings of ___22___; and for this purpose he one day told them to bring him a bundle (捆) of sticks. When they had done so, he placed the ___23___ into the hands of each of them in succession, and ordered them to break it in pieces. They tried with all their strength, and were not able to do it. The father then ___24___ the sticks, took the sticks one by one, and again put them into his sons’ hands. He asked his sons again to try and break the sticks. They broke them ___25___. He then ___26___ them in these words: “my sons, if you are of one mind, and ___27___ to assist each other, you will be like these sticks together, ___28___ by all the attempts of your enemies; but if you are ___29___ among yourselves, you will be broken as easily as a ___30___ stick.”21. A. attempted         B. managed   C. failed           D. meant22. A. discourage   B. disunion        C. discomfort      D. disorder23. A. bundles        B. sticks                C. stones               D. bricks 24. A. placed           B. hid            C. joined      D. separated25. A. easily           B. hardly             C. separately      D. completely26. A. ordered          B. described           C. addressed       D. blamed 27. A. develop           B. advice                C. unite             D. stay28. A. unattended       B. uninjured          C. unchanged     D. unemployed29. A. divided      B. conformed       C. recognized    D. annoyed30. A. walking      B. single            C. weak             D. tiny
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