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山東省臨沂市2019年中考英語一輪復習第1課時七年級上冊Units1_4含Starter課件.ppt

'山東省臨沂市2019年中考英語一輪復習第1課時七年級上冊Units1_4含Starter課件.ppt'
第1課時 七年級上冊 Units 1~4(含Starter)考點一 what與in的用法【課文原句】 What's this in English?這個用英語怎么表達?(七上PS5)(1)what既可作代詞、也可作形容詞,意為“什么”,經常用來提問姓名、物品、顏色、號碼、身份或職業等。What's your name?你叫什么名字?What is he?他是做什么工作的?(2)in的用法①in表示時間,用在表示年、月、世紀、年代、早上、下午、晚上等名詞前。in 2018 在2018年in the afternoon 在下午②in表示地點,用在表示大地方的名詞前。in Linyi 在臨沂【注意】 在小地方的名詞前常用介詞at。at the bus stop 在公交車站③in表示“穿著”。The lady in red is our English teacher. 穿紅色衣服的女士是我們的英語老師。1.(2018·福建中考A卷改編)—___ does Liu Chuanjian do?—He's a pilot of Sichuan Airlines. He's a hero!A.What    B.Where   C.When    D.Whose A 2.(2018·黑龍江綏化中考)—What's this in English?—___ a jacket.A.This's B.It's C.This is B 3.(2018·江蘇淮安中考)The World Cup ___Russia this year must be wonderful.A.on B.inC.at D.to B 考點二 nice to meet you的用法【課文原句】 Nice to meet you, too.見到你很高興!(七上P1)(1)這是兩人初次見面介紹、相識后相互打招呼的用語?;卮饡r可以說“Nice to meet you, too.”,意為“見到你也很高興?!薄狽ice to meet you, Mr. Green.很高興見到你,格林先生?!狽ice to meet you, too.見到你我也很高興。(2)too, also與either“也”有區別詞匯含義例句too用于肯定句或疑問句,多用于口語,通常位于句末;前面可用逗號隔開I like English,too.我也喜歡英語。also用于肯定句,較正式用語,通常位于句中;放在實義動詞之前,系動詞、助動詞或情態動詞之后He can also speak English.他也會說英語。either用于否定句,常位于句末;前面可用逗號隔開I don't have any money,either.我也沒有錢了。4.(2018·湖南湘西中考改編)—Hi, good morning. My name is Tim. This is my first time to be here.—___.A.It's all right      B.Nice to meet youC.That would be very nice D.Congratulations B 考點三 what about的用法【課文原句】 What about this dictionary? 這本字典怎么樣?(七上P14)What about...? 意為“……怎么樣?……好不好?”,是一種固定句型,也可以說成How about...?,用于向對方詢問前面已提到過的或問過的事情,也可用來表示征求對方的意見或向對方提出建議。about為介詞,其后跟名詞(短語)、代詞或v.-ing形式作賓語?!咀⒁狻?回答What about...?句型時多用“Sounds good.(聽起來不錯。)”“Great.(太棒了。)”“Good idea.(好主意。)”等?!就卣埂?有關“提建議”的句型5.(2017·湖北荊州中考改編)—It's nearly lunch time. How about having some noodles and dumplings?—___.A.You're welcome  B.That's rightC.That's nice of you  D.That sounds good D 6.(2017·內蒙古通遼中考)根據所給中文意思完成句子,每空限填一詞。能把電視聲音調低點嗎?太吵了。How about turning down the TV? It's too noisy.7.(2018·上海中考)—__ —That's a good idea.A.I've got the first prize in the English speech contest.B.I'd like to invite you to my birthday party tomorrow.C.Shall we go to the farm to pick peaches this weekend?D.Would you mind opening the window a bit more? C考點四 thank you for...的用法【課文原句】 Thank you for your help, Anna.謝謝你的幫助,安娜。(七上P14)Thank you for...意為“因……而感謝(你)”,相當于Thanks for...,其中for是介詞,后接名詞(短語)、代詞或v.-ing作賓語?!就卣埂?Thank you for...句式的回答常用:Not at all./You are welcome./That's all right./My pleasure./It's a pleasure.【聯想】 thanks to意為“由于;幸虧”,后常接名詞或代詞。如:Thanks to the doctor's help,the man was saved.多虧了這個醫生的幫助,這個人才獲救。8.(2017·江蘇鎮江中考)—To London? Don't miss red phone boxes in the streets. They're a symbol of English culture.—___.A.Thanks for your advice B.I hope soC.Sorry, I don't know D.Thank you all the same A 9.(2018·云南中考)—Thank you for showing me the way.—___.A.No problem B.It doesn't matterC.It is my pleasure D.It's kind of you C 10.(2018·湖北宜昌中考)—The population of the poor is getting smaller and smaller.—___ the government, their living conditions have improved.A.As for B.Thanks toC.As a result of D.Thanks for B 考點五 You're welcome.的用法【課文原句】 You're welcome.不用謝。 (七上P14)You're welcome.用于禮貌地回答別人的感謝,意為“別客氣、不用謝?!?,相當于That's all right./Not at all./My pleasure.?!猅hank you, Miss Li!謝謝您,李小姐!—You're welcome.別客氣。11.(2018·湖北武漢中考)—It's very kind of you to help me. Thank you very much.—___.A.Thank youB.Don't thank meC.Sorry to help you very littleD.You are welcome D 考點六 ask...for...的用法【課文原句】 Ask the teacher for it.向老師要它。(七上P17) ask (sb.) for sth.意為“(向某人)要求/請求某物”。如:He often asks the teacher for advice. 他經常向老師征求意見?!就卣埂?ask sb. to do sth.“要求某人做某事”,否定式為ask sb. not to do sth.“要求某人不要做某事”。12.(2018·重慶中考A卷)It was raining. My father asked me ___a raincoat.A.take   B.takes   C.took   D.to take D 考點七 where的用法【課文原句】 Where are my books?我的書在哪里? (七上P19)(1)這是由where引導的特殊疑問句,其結構為“Where+ is/are+主語?”意為“……在哪里?”,用來詢問某物或某人的位置,常用“It/He/She is+介詞短語.”或“They are+介詞短語.”回答?!猈here is your dictionary?你的字典在哪里?—It's in my schoolbag.在我的書包里?!猈here are your parents?你的父母在哪里?—They're in the room.他們在房間里?!咀⒁狻?如果不知道某物在什么地方,回答用I don't know?!猈here's your pen?你的鋼筆在哪里?—I don't know.我不知道。(2)where疑問副詞,意為“在哪里”。一般放在特殊疑句的句首,對地點或方位進行提問?!猈here is my ruler?我的尺子在哪里?—It's in the pencil box.它在鉛筆盒里。13.(2018·四川自貢中考改編)—___does she live?—She lives in the same neighborhood as me.A.What B.Where C.Which D.Whose B 考點八 under的用法【課文原句】 It's under your bed.它在你的床底下。(七上P19)under用作介詞,表示“在……下面”,強調處于某物的正下方,且兩個物體不接觸。The car is under the tree.這輛車在樹下。My shoes are under the bed.我的鞋子在床底下?!就卣埂?方位介詞in, on與under的用法介詞常置于名詞或代詞之前,表示詞與句子其他成分之間的關系。一般在句子中不單獨作任何成分。常見的方位介詞有on, in , under, at, behind, next to等。on“在……上面”,與物體有接觸面。 如:on the wall 在墻上 on the floor 在地板上in“在……里面”,指在某范圍或空間內。如:in our class 在我們班上 in my bag 在我的包里under“在……下面”。如:under the tree 在樹下 under the chair 在椅子下14.(2018·湖南株洲中考)All roads lead to Rome. The roads are just ___your feet.A.under B.in C.on A 考點九 but的用法【課文原句】 I'm tidy, but Gina is not. 我很整潔,但吉娜不(整潔)。(七上P23)but用作連詞,意為“但是”,可以連接兩個并列成分,表示前后意義上的轉折或兩種情況的對比。My books are on the table, but hers aren't.我的書在桌子上,但她的不在。15.(2018·江蘇揚州中考)Hawking is no longer with us __ he will continue to inspire the world.A.so B.if C.but D.as C
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