如何寫書面表達-終結版.ppt

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'如何寫書面表達-終結版.ppt'
高考沖刺書面表達 攻略Your site here LOGO各檔次的給分范圍和要求 書面表達滿分為25分,共分5檔:第5檔 (21—25分)第4檔 (16—20分)第3檔 (11---15分)第2檔 ( 6---10分)第1檔 ( 1---5 分)Your site here LOGO第5檔 (21—25分)完全完成了試題規定的任務●覆蓋所有內容要點●應用了較多的語法結構和詞匯●語法結構或詞匯方面有些許錯誤,但為盡力使用較復雜結構或較高級詞匯所致;具備較強的語言運用能力?!裼行У厥褂昧苏Z句問的連接成分使全文結構緊湊完全達到了預期的寫作目的 Your site here LOGO第4檔 (16—20分)完全完成了試題規定的任務●雖漏掉一兩個次重點,但覆蓋所有主要內容●應用的語法結構和詞匯能滿足任務的要求●語法結構式或詞匯方面應用基本準確,些許錯誤的主要是因嘗試較復雜語法結構或詞匯所致●應用簡單的語句間連接成分使全文結構緊湊,達到了預期的寫作目的 Your site here LOGO第3檔 (11—15分)基本完成了試題規定的任務●雖漏掉一些內容,但覆蓋所有主要內容●應用的語法結構和詞匯能滿足任務的要求●有一些語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,但不影響理解●應用簡單語句間連接成分,使全文內容連貫整體而言,基本達到了預期的寫作目的 Your site here LOGO第2檔 (6—10分)未恰當完成試題規定的任務●漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要內容,寫了一些無關內容●語法結構單調,詞匯項目有限●有一些語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,影響了對寫作內容的理解●較少使用語句間的連接成分內容缺少連貫性,信息未能清楚地傳達給讀者 Your site here LOGO第1檔 (1—5分)未完成試題規定的任務●明顯遺漏主要內容,寫了一些無關內容,原因可能是未理解試題要求●語法結構單調,詞匯項目有限●較多語法結構或詞匯方面的錯誤,影響寫作內容的理解●缺乏語句間的連接成分內容不連貫,信息未能傳達給讀者  Your site here LOGO詞匯,句型 (高級)和語法多樣化(較復雜)  1.覆蓋了所有的要點 2. 應用了較多的語法結構和詞匯 3. 有效地使用了語句間的連接成分,使全文結構緊湊要點全連接詞如何算是一篇好的文章?Your site here LOGO如何在20分鐘完成寫作 ?寫作的步驟和順序是至關重要的: 1. 認真審題, 明確要求 2. 捕捉信息, 組織要點 3. 譴詞造句, 準確表達 4. 整理成篇, 行文連貫 5. 注重開頭, 寫好結尾 6. 規范書寫, 檢查糾錯 書面表達的評分依據之一就是內容要點 應逐個地完整無缺地把內容要點列出來(一般為5—8個要點) 建議: 2’審題;10’左右形成初稿;5’左右反復檢查;修飾潤色,5’左右抄寫。 明智之舉:不把書面表達放在最后PracticeYour site here LOGO審1.審文體2.審材料 3.審人稱4.審時態 是記敘文、說明文、議論文還是應用文?是寫書信、通知、日記、還是便條?提供材料的方式是通過文字描述還是圖畫或表格 寫什么時間發生的事?是寫你還是寫我?還是我們、他們?例如:假如你是李華,該用什么人稱?Your site here LOGO分清文章的層次 先寫什么?再寫什么?最后?(通常分2-3段) 常見的使用過渡詞有: 遞進: then(然后), besides, furthermore (而且),moreover (此外), what’s more,even ; in addition等。 轉折: however(然而),on the contrary(相反), but, after all(畢竟) ,although; in spite of ; instead等。 并列and; as well as ; also等。注意句子與句子之間過渡要自然,可加上適當的表示并列、遞進、因果、轉折等關系的連詞,使語言更加流暢 Your site here LOGO總結: finally,at last,in brief(總之), in conclusion(最后), in short ; in general ; generally speaking等。 強調: indeed,certainly(一定),surely(確定),above all(尤其)等. 對比: in the same way(同樣地),just as(正如), on one hand… on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。Your site here LOGO選擇or; either—or;  or else; otherwise等。 原因because ; owing to; due to ;on account of ; thanks to等。 結果so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result等。 時間when ;soon after ; before; later ; first ; and then ; next ; finally ; afterwards等。 舉例for example/instance; such as ; that is ; namely等 Your site here LOGO開頭開頭宜開門見山,直奔主題。同時要對你所寫的第一個句子慎之又慎,確保不出任何錯誤,最好能作到引人入勝 1.開頭萬能公式一:名人名言 A proverb says, “You are only young once.” It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. As everyone knows , no one can deny that … 2.開頭萬能公式二:數字統計     According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. 大忌生造的句子或詞語來開頭Your site here LOGO結尾好的結尾能起到畫龍點睛的作用。 1.結尾萬能公式一:作結論     Obviously, we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. 2.結尾萬能公式二:提建議 Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. Accordingly。省略部分。ave any suggestions, please let us know.Your site here LOGOPRACTICE (2)WordsPhrasesSentencesYour site here LOGO 1.He was interested in English__ in maths___ _.(并列)2.Hurry up, __ _you’ll miss the last bus for the school. (轉折) 3.__ _you must improve your work, _ _I’ll fire you.(選擇)用適當的詞填空andas wellor elseEitherorNot only … but also ; Either … or ; and … as well ; but ; or elseYour site here LOGO4.______, you should dig a hole; secondly, put a young tree in it;___, cover the tree with some earth and press it; _ ___and lastly, pour some water in it.First of allthenfourthlyfirstly ; thirdly; next; finally按順序進行敘述Your site here LOGO1.If anyone against the plan, please let me know.2.The main subjects I studied at    school including Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemistry and computer.3.When I arrived Hong Kong, my  mother was there waiting me.4.There are 50% students think concel the 7-day long holiday is wrong.改正下列句子50% of the students think concelling the 7-day long holiday is wrong.Your site here LOGO變換句型If you go through the gate, you’ll find the entrance to Bear Country. (一般)Go through the gate, and you’ll find…. (高級)I got up late this morning, otherwise I could    have caught the early bus. (高級)I got up late this morning. I didn’t catch the early bus. (一般)The more he spoke, the more excited he felt. (高級)When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. (一般)Your site here LOGOI won’t believe his words. (一般)I won’t believe what he says. (高級) No matter what he says, I won’t believe. (高級)I happened to have met him. (一般) It happened that I had met him. (高級)PracticeYour site here LOGOWhen he was a child, Thomson was interested in maths, and when he grew up, he was very interested in computers.             , Thomson ___________ __in maths,  and when he grew up, computers   ?。撸撸撸撸撸撸撸撸撸撸撸撸逜s a childshowed his strong interestaroused his great curiosity.PracticeYour site here LOGO There are great changes that have happened here. There is a new classroom building on one side of the road. There used to be a playground on the other side of the road before. But there is a big library now. There are all kinds of books, newspapers and magazines in the library. There is a new playground in the front of the school. There are many trees in and around the school…PracticeYour site here LOGO Quite a few changes have taken place here. On one side of the road there is a new classroom building. On the other side, where the playground used to be, now stands another new building—our library.In it there are all kinds of books, newspapers and magazines. The playground is now in front of the school. We have also planted a lot of trees in and around the school. I hope you’ll come and see it for yourself some day.PracticeYour site here LOGOThe more you practise, the greater progress you will make !And the higher scores you will get!I wish you success !Remember:Your site here LOGO
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