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四級寫作分題型講評2.ppt

'四級寫作分題型講評2.ppt'
大學英語四級考試寫作分題型講評2II、社會熱點話題寫作邏輯結構Paragraph 1: (1) 概括性的引出要評論的事物或觀點 (general);(2) 具體描述這個事物或者觀點(或者是我對這個現 象/ 事物的基本看法specific)。Paragraph 2: (1) 作者對該現象/問題的基本看法,即文章的論點句;(2) 支持性的細節分論點(至少兩點);(3) 本段總結(可以省略)。Paragraph 3: (1) 總結全文,定下結論(通常為我的對策或看法)。四級作文試題2000年1月Directions:  For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How I Finance my College Education. You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:  1. 上大學的費用(tuition and fees)可以通過多多種途徑解決?! ?. 哪種途徑適合我(說明理由)?! ow I Finance My College Education第一段:首先,應該是用一種描述性的語言引出討論的重點:  Nowadays/ At present/ Currently/ These days/ Today, tuitions and fees for college students are much higher than ever before. How to finance my college education has become a matter of concern.第二段:有多種的方法,例如:1.向父母; 2.銀行貸款 3.打工掙錢 第二段主題句: There are many ways to support my college education financially./ Ways to support my university study financially vary greatly/ are various.第二段分寫:  In the first place, I can get/ gain/ obtain all the money from my parents.  In the second place, I can apply for/ ask for a bank loan, especially set up/ established for college students/ undergraduates.  What’s more, I can find a part time job to earn enough money.第三段:我所贊同的方法(闡述原因,為何不選其他的方法)。 Personally/ As far as I’m concerned/ In my opinion/ From my point of view/ To my way of thinking/ As I see it, I prefer the bank loan for the following reasons.   For one thing, my parents are not rich enough to afford me.   For another, I will not have enough time and energy to study after finishing my part-time/ temporary/ odd jobs.   In addition, I believe I can hunt a rewarding/ dream job after graduation, and then I will be able to pay off/ pay back/ return/ give back.   Therefore /So /Hence,.....使文章富有表現力的手段: 1、使用有難度的詞匯;2、使用形容詞修飾名詞,用副詞修飾動詞或整 個句子;3、使用被動語態;4、使用倒裝句;(not only... but also...;only...)5、盡可能地使用名詞,而不是習慣中的動詞和形容詞。綠化我們的城市 第一段:  近年來,隨著工商業的迅猛發展,許多大城市中樹木的數量大幅度降低。人們作出各種努力防止樹木被砍伐,但是,認識到綠化城市也同樣重要。普通版  Recently, with the development of businesses and industries, more and more trees have disappeared in big cities. We have tried our best to prevent people from cutting trees. But, it is important to realize to make our cities green.潤色版   In contemporary society, while our industries and businesses have experienced a(n) rapid/ fast/ amazing/ marked/ fantastic development, the number of trees in many large cities has declined/ decreased/ reduced sharply/ dramatically. Although remarkable efforts have been exerted to prevent more trees from being cut, the realization of making cities greener is still of great importance.第二段: 綠化城市會帶來很多好處。其一,綠化城市能夠凈化空氣??茖W研究已經證明樹木通過吸收作用可以降低大氣中碳化合物的含量。其二,它能夠美化城市。到處是花草樹木,我們會欣然地感到自己置身于美麗的花園中。最后,綠化城市能夠帶來大量木材,這是解決自然資源短缺的有效辦法。普通版   There are many advantages in making cities greener. First, it makes our air clean. Scientific research has proved that trees can reduce a great amount of carbon dioxide i。省略部分。many citizens. 2) a. There are many people who complain of severe housing shortages.  b. Housing shortages become the source of great complaint.2. If 1) a. If you compare the two methods carefully, you will find the difference.  b. Careful comparison of the two methods will show you the difference.2) a. If we only apply book knowledge, we will not get good result.  b. The application of book knowledge alone will not bring you good result.3) a. If there is no pollution, man can certainly survive.  b. Man can certainly survive in the world where there is no pollution.3. In order to 1) a. In order to prevent the problem becoming too serious to solve, we must take an immediate step.b. An immediate step must be taken before the problem becomes too serious to solve.2) a. In order to build a stable and prosperous nation, people should make new efforts.b. New efforts should be taken before a stable and prosperous nation is built. 4. More and more 1) a. More and more people now prefer to stay at home and watch TV. b. People in ever increasing numbers prefer to stay at home and watch TV.2) a. More and more people who become more and more rich can afford a motorcycle.  b. A growing number of people who become increasingly rich can now afford a motorcycle. 3) a. More and more teenagers smoke cigarettes in recent years.  b. Teenage smoking is on the rise/ increase/ decrease/ decline in recent years. 4) a. More and more teachers are needed with the development of economy.  b. There is an increasing demand for teachers with the development of economy. 5) a. More and more trees have disappeared in the city.  b. There is a sharp decline in the number of trees in the city.寫作練習:Jobs for Graduates 1) 大學生難找工作2) 原因很多3) 解決的辦法范文第一段提出討論話題 Nowadays, college graduates come to realize that it is not easy to get a rewarding job. Most/ Many of them can not get a job right after graduation.   The job market for college students/ graduates is getting tighter and tighter. According to a survey, only 80% of college graduates of the class of 2002 found jobs the year they graduated, compared with 95% in 2000. Why do college graduates find it increasingly difficult to get jobs?第二段細節論證 1、Among the most convincing/ important reasons given/ cited/ offered/ identified by people for this problem/ phenomenon, one should be stressed/ emphasized/ mentioned...2、One may regard/ see/ view/ think of the trend/ increase/ phenomenon as a sign of/ result of/ response to/ reaction to ...3、The increase/ change/ failure/ success in ... mainly/ largely/ partly results from/ arises from/ is due to/ owing to/ attributable to the fact that/ several factors ...第三段給出解決方案國家制定法律法規 To solve the problems mentioned above, rules and regulations should be made to…個人接受教育 It is essential for college graduates to work our a definite career plan for himself/ herself and make relevant preparation for his/ her job hunting.
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