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高考英語閱讀理解考點聚焦及例題講解.doc

'高考英語閱讀理解考點聚焦及例題講解.doc'
?Xupeisen110 高中英語高考英語閱讀理解考點聚焦及例題講解一、考點聚焦 1、題型特點閱讀是理解和吸收書面信息的能力?!吨袑W英語教學大綱》規定,中學生應側重培養閱讀理解能力。閱讀材料的選取原則為:(1)閱讀量不少于1000個單詞。近三年超過2000字篇數為5篇,讀速要求為44.2,44.6和46.3wpm。(2)題材多樣化,包括科普、社會、文化、政治、史地、經濟、新聞報道乃至廣告說明。(3)體裁避免單一化,包括記敘文、說明文、應用文等。2、試題要求(1)掌握所讀材料的主旨和大意,以及用以說明主旨和大意的事實和細節。(2)既理解具體的事實,也理解抽象的概念。(3)既理解字面意思,也理解深層含義,包括作者的態度、意圖等。(4)既理解某句、某段的意義也理解全篇的邏輯關系,并據此進行推理和判斷。(5)能根據材料所提供的信息,結合中學生應有的常識正確判斷生詞的含義。3、基本能力(1)能迅速看準每句的結構,抓住主句的主語、謂語、賓語。(2)有一定的詞匯量和辨詞能力。(3)能靈活運用所學語法知識,根據句中的某個詞迅速斷定真假、語態和時態等。(4)對英美文化背景知識有一定了解。(5)有良好的思維能力,能邊看邊加工所得到的信息,從而作出正確分析、判斷和綜合。(6)有平時大量閱讀作基礎,有一定的語感和相當的閱讀速度。 二、應試技巧點撥1、四個步驟(1)速讀短文,了解短文的主旨大意,辨別文體,掌握結構。(2)看題。了解考查內容,帶著問題讀材料,尋找答案。(3)復讀。對所選答案有針對性地尋找支撐論點的關鍵信息。(4)核查。注意各題的答案應邏輯一致,不能自相矛盾。盡可能找到(從文中)根據,確保正確無誤。2、四個善于(1)關于審題,找出文中依據。(2)善于尋找線索。(3)善于抓主題句,解決概括題。(4)善于篩選、比較、衡量、綜合文章的有用信息。3、三個避免(1)只見樹木不見林。(2)難題耗時太多。(3)閱讀方式不當。%三、精典范例    例1  (NMET  2001)Shanghai: Car rentals(出租)are becoming more and more popular as an inexpensive way of taking to the roads. Business people, foreigners and families alike are making good use of the growing industry.The first car rental firm opened in Shanghai in 1992 and now 12 car rental players are in the game, with more than 11,500 cars in their books.The largest player—Shanghai Bashi Tourism Car Rental Center offers a wide variety of choices—deluxe sedans, minivans, station wagons, coaches. Santana sedans are big favorite.Firms can attract enough customers for 70 percent of their cars every month. This figure shoots up during holiday seasons like National Day, Labor Day and New Year's Day, with some recording 100 percent rental.The major market force rests in the growing population of white-collar employees(白領雇員),who can afford the new service, said Zhuang Yu, marketing manager of Shanghai Angel car Rental Co.(   )1. The words "deluxe sedans","minivans"and "station wagons"used in the text refer to ___________.A.cars in the making           B.car rental firmsC.cars for rent                D.car makers(   )2. Which of the following statements is true according to the text?A. 70% of the cars can be rented out on holiday.B. 70% of the customers are while-collar employees.C. More firms are open for service during holiday seasons.D. Some firms rent out all their cars during holiday seasons.(   )3. Shanghai's car rental industry is growing so fast mainly due to ___________.A. better cars supplied by producers.B. fast service offered by car rental firms.C. the increasing number of white-collar emplioyees.D. people's growing interest in travelling during holidays.例2:(2004年全國卷II)Rome had the Forum. London has Speaker's Corner. Now always–on–  the-go New Yorkers have Liz and Bill.Liz and Bill, two college graduates in their early 20s, have spent a whole year trying to have thousands of people talk to them in subway stations and on busy street corners. Just talk.Using a 2-foot-tall sign that says,"Talk to 。省略部分。esent is confusing(混亂的),sometimes annoying, and it often means you may go home hungry, but it does lend every part that precious element(成分)of surprise.1. The underlined words"off their heads"probably mean        .A. tired       B. crazy      C. curious      D. hopeless2. Jane and David's story is used to show that          .A. party-goers usually get hungry at partiesB. party invitations can be confusingC. people should ask for food at partiesD. birthday parties for middle-aged people are dull3. For some young people, arriving on time for a students' party will probably be considered         .A. very difficult             B. particularly thoughtfulC. friendly and polite         D. socially unacceptable4. According to the writer, people in their late thirties        .A. are likely to arrive late for a partyB. care little about the party timeC. haven't really grown up yetD. like surprises at parties5. What is the general idea of the text?         .A. It's safe to arrive late just when food is servedB. It's wise to eat something before going to a partyC. It's important to follow social rules of party-goingD. It's necessary to read invitations carefully例6:Cannes will rock to the sound of a cancan dance this year when Moulin Rouge by the Australian director Baz Luhrmann opens the French film festival(電影節)in May. The musical stars Nicole Kidman as a singer, and John Leguizamo as the artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautree. It will be competing for the palme d'Or, the festival's top prize. The festival runs to May 21.The American actor Tommy Lee Jones, 54, has married his longtime girlfriend, Dawn Maria Laurel, 36, in a private wedding in San Antonio."It wasn't a big to-do,"said Fred Biery, a U.S. District Judge who performed the service. He refused to discuss things further."These are very private people,"he said.Loretta Lynn is being treated for a very bad cold in Tennessee and will miss several appearances. The country singer, 65, was admitted to a hospital near her home in Hurricane Mills."She is in good condition, but the doctors are watching her closely,"a spokeswoman said.The French-Algerian singer Enrico Macias was named a United Nations peace messenger. Enrico joins eight other people who act as goodwill envoys(使者)for the United Nations, among them are the writer Elie Wiesel and the basketball player Magie Johnson.1. We can learn from the text that Henri de Toulouse-Lantree is        .A. a figure in a film              B. a dancer in a showC. a country singer               D. a prize winner2. We know from the text that          .A. Moulin Rouge won the top prize in a film festivalB. Loretta Lynn is under the doctor's careC. eight people serve as the UN goodwill enjoysD. Fred Biery was Tommy Lee Jones' assistant3. This text most probably appears in         .A. a book on film stars             B. a film review in a magazineC. a newspaper                   D. a notice第 7 頁 共 7 頁
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