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初中英語語法系列-構詞法.ppt

'初中英語語法系列-構詞法.ppt'
英語構詞法 Words Building南寧外國語學校 余昆湘1.When are you going to write about environmental education?2.If we don’t, the future is hopeless.3.It’s wasteful to throw away paper and metal.3.Reuse means “use again”.4.Every class collects reusable waste. General introductionClassify wordsCompounding (有兩個或更多的詞合成一個詞)Derivation (在詞根上加上前、后綴構成另外一個詞)prefixsuffixConversion (將一種詞性轉化成另一種詞性)Classify:classroom freedom darkest place invitation lock everyday riverside loneliestupstairs hopeful careless clean walk合成詞(有兩個或更多的詞合成一個詞):派生詞(在詞根上加上前、后綴構成另外一個詞):轉化詞(將一種詞性轉化成另一種詞性): classroom everyday riverside upstairs freedom darkest invitation loneliest hopeful carelessplace lock clean walk合成(Compounding)有兩個或更多的詞合成一個詞加前綴: happy --- unhappy 加后綴: enjoy --- enjoybale既加前綴又加后綴: health ---unhealthy派生詞(derivation) 派生法(Derivation)---詞綴法1. 前綴:Re-Rewrite, return, reuse(重新)dis- (不)disagree , dislike , disappearsupermarket, supermansuper- (超級)in/im- (不)incorrect impossible常見的后綴1.名詞后綴 :-er-or-tion-mentteacher, workervisitor, actor education, pollutiondevelopment, movement-ity-ist-hood-ion名詞后綴 :ability, possibility pianist, artist childhood, neighbourhood action, solution, 常見的后綴2.形容詞后綴:-ous-ful-able-ant, -ent-ydangerous, humoroushelpful, carefulcomfortable, important, excellent sunny windy-ern-en-(a)n-ly -less -aleastern southern golden wooden American Australianfriendly lovely Careless homelessnatural national 3. 副詞性的詞綴:-lyquickly, softly, yearly 轉化法(Conversion)tasten. 味道v.嘗起來{It has a good taste.It tastes very good.record n.記錄v. 記錄{He broke the record.He likes to record something while reading a book. water ,break,watch,boat, cook , open;clean, light; orange; play, colourWhat are the meanings of theseWords?直擊中考題型:1、單項選擇2、單詞分類3、用詞的正確形式填空4、完形填空5、短文填空1、單項選擇( 南寧08中考)37.We believe that we can hold the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games ________. A.Successful B.successfully C.success D.succeed2、單詞分類( 南寧08中考) A.calling B.often C.scientific D.fantastic E.helping F.usually42.Thank you for ________/________ me.43.They ________/_______ play basketball after school.44.The invention is very ________/________.BAEBFCD用詞的正確形式填空 94.Guangxi organized some ________ teams to leave for Wenchuan to help the people there (medicine) ( 南寧08中考)87.—Are you Canadian? —No.I am ________.( Australia) ( 南寧08中考) 93.—Who lives ________ from the school. Sam,Amy or Linda? —Linda.(far ) ( 南寧08中考)Australianfarthestmedicial短文填空(2009山西?。〥olphins are 71.___________ (interest) animals and researchers find them smart to watch. They72._________ (have) no hands,but can use toolsto solve problems,just like us. There is no evidence that dolphins have a language of their own,but they can understand many sign 73._________(language). They can respond(反應) quite74._________ (correct) and quickly. Dolphins live in a very different world, but theyare good at 75._________ (do) our “intelligent(智能的) tests”.interestinghavelanguagescorrectlydoing構詞法:合成(合成詞(有兩個或更多的詞合成一個詞):Compounding) 派生法(Derivation) 【前綴/后綴】轉化法(Conversion) 【詞性轉換】{SummaryHomeworkFinish all the exercises.Thank you
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系列 語法 構詞法 初中 英語
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