典型“陷阱題”50例續篇-1.ppt

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'典型“陷阱題”50例續篇-1.ppt'
典型“陷阱題” 50例續篇(上) 同學們在平時做題的過程中常常有這樣的現象:有些題目看起來似曾相識,他們從原有的知識經驗出發,機械地套用老方法,按某種固定的思路去思考問題,輕而易舉地得出 “正確答案”,結果往往發現自己錯了。誤入了命題者所設置的“陷阱”中。 所謂的“陷阱”,實質上就是對正確 選項真正起到了干擾作用的那些干擾 項。下面是筆者精選和編擬的50道 “陷 阱”題,你們先做做看,看能否排除干 擾、避開“陷阱”。1.Mary couldn’t make herself _______ attention to because her classmates made so much noise. A. paid B. to pay C. pay D. paying2.Was it through Mary , ____ was working at a high school , _____ you get to know Tom ? A. who, who   B. that, which  C. who, that  D. who, which3.Every minute is made full use of _______ our lessons. A. studying B. to study C. study D. being studied4.I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with _____. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing5. —Would you like _______ , sir? —No, thanks. I have had much. A.some more oranges B.any more oranges C.some more orange D.any more orange 6.He suggested the person referred _______ put into prison. A. is B. be C. to be D. should be7 . —Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. —_____________. A.So it is B.So is it C.So does it D.So it does 8.“Is there _____ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.” A. anybody B. everybody C. somebody D. nobody9.“I think the teacher is wrong, _____?” “No, I don't think so.” A. don't you B. don't I C. doesn't he D. doesn't she 10.Don't you know _____, my dear friend, it is you that she loves? A. who B. which  C. that D. what11. He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it. A. where B. when C. that D. until 12.If the weather is fine, we'll go. If _____, _____. A. not, not B. no, no  C. not, no D. no, not13.--- Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day ?  --- ____ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up. A. Get    B. Getting   C. To get   D. To be getting14.She's too thin. She ____ gain some weight but she _____ too little. A. would, ate B. will, eats C. would, eats D. will, ate15. — What should I do with this passage? —_____ the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out 16.She can't help _____ the house because she's busy making a cake. A. to clean  B. cleaning C. cleaned D. being cleaned17. The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses ________ vacation to China. A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D. being paid 18.I'm examining the composition he has just finished ____ the possible mistakes in it. A. correcting  B. to correct   C. corrected   D. correct19.He ________ more than 5,000 English words when he enter。省略部分。sition he has just finished ____ the possible mistakes in it.A. correcting   B. to correct   C. corrected   D. correct 答案解析:此題容易誤選A,因為習慣思維finish 后接doing. 但從句he has just finished為定語從句。答案選B,動詞不定式作目的狀語。答案解析:選B。此句話的漢語意思是:“聯眾秀”的獎金是3萬美元和一次一切費用全免的中國之旅。paid和expenses之間存在著邏輯上的動賓關系,過去分詞作定語修飾expenses。整個all expenses paid又作定語修飾vacation。 多數考生沒把all expenses paid看成一個整體,而認為all expenses和pay 存在著邏輯上的主謂關系;pay 和vacation存在著邏輯上的動賓關系;而誤選答案A。19.He ________ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15. A. has learned B. would have learned C. learned D. had learned 20.The judge paid no attention to _____ he had just lost his wife.A. that  B. which  C. what  D. the fact that答案解析:此題容易誤選A或B:選A,認為to后應接一個that引導的賓語從句;選B,認為其后是一個定語從句,介詞后應用關系代詞which。其實此題應選D。注意不能選A的原因是,在通常情況下,介詞后不能直接跟that從句(極個別介詞如except, but等除外),遇此情況,應在that從句前加上 the fact(此時the fact用做介詞賓語,其后that從句用做the fact的同位語)。答案解析:此題容易誤選C, 學生見到過去時間點,就會依據平時的經驗選擇一般過去時。其實此題應選D。掌握了5000多個單詞并非在15歲上大學時發生,而是早在之前就完成了,過去的過去, 所以要用過去完成時。此句話的漢語意思是:在他15歲上大學時,就已經掌握了5000多個單詞了。21. ____ a broken chair , the room is empty  A. Except   B. Except for   C. Except that  D. Besides答案解析:except所指項目,必須在主句內有所交代,except for 用來表示從某一細節方面來修正前面概括性說法,其后的賓語一般與句子所涉及的東西不同類。因此a broken chair 與 the room 不是同類,答案為B。22. — What should I do with this passage? —_____ the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out 答案解析: 此題極易誤選A。認為是動名詞短語作do的賓語。其實我們把該答案代入原文,便發現不行。因為do finding out…是絕對不能搭配的。其實此題應選C??疾槠硎咕?。 此句話的漢語意思是:- 我應該怎么處理這段文章?- 歸納出每段的中心思想。23.The wonderful time they had been looking forward ____ at last. A. to arrive  B. to arrived  C. to arriving  D. should arrive 答案解析:此題迷惑選項為C,因受look forward to doing的影響,但此題主語為the wonderful time,后面they have been looking forward to 為定語從句,分析句子結構,找出句子的主干The wonderful time arrived at last.不難發現正確答案應為B.24. --- What do you think made Mary so upset ?  --- ____ her new bicycle.  A. As she lost  B. Lost  C. Losing  D. Because of losing. 答案解析:此題迷惑項為D,這是犯了Chinglish之錯,問句中的 what只能用動名詞短語Losing her new bicycle來代替。答案B為過去分詞不作主語,答案A不構成主語從句。若將答語補充完整,全句為Losing her new bicycle made Mary so upset.因此缺少主語,正確答案為C.25.He wrote a lot of novels, none of _____ translated into a foreign language. A. them B. which  C . it  D. what 答案解析:同學們容易誤選B,理由是none前沒有并列連詞 and 或 but,但B項是一個陷阱。此題的最佳答案應是A,注意此句不是并列句也不是含有非限制性定語從句的復合句。逗號后面其實是一個獨立結構。translated 不是謂語,而是一個非謂語動詞(過去分詞),所以假若在 translated 前加一個助動詞 was,則此題應選(which),構成一個非限制性定語從句。所以做這類題要特別小心,千萬不要想當然,更不要受思維定勢的影響。 近年來,高考試卷中也常有這種"陷阱"題出現。當同學們遇到這種題時,既不可“輕易下手”,也不可不知所措,而應做到先三思而后行。首先,同學們要認真審題,發現“陷阱”。要靈活地運用語法規則,理順思路,尋找“陷阱”。其次,要運用多向思維,分析“陷阱”。不要用習慣的、單一的、片面的思維去解題。再次,要去偽存真,識別“陷阱”。要抓住基本知識點及特殊現象,不厭其煩地歸納理解,認清選擇題目中的“魚目”及“珍珠”,避免落入“陷阱”。最后就是要加強驗證,跳出“陷阱”。這就要求學習者要有良好的檢查驗證習慣,掌握驗證的方法,即使落入了“陷阱”,也能在驗證過程中,發現“陷阱”,并迅速地跳出來。 Thank you
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續篇 陷阱 典型 50
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