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高一銜接練習NO.4.doc

'高一銜接練習NO.4.doc'
?高一銜接練習 NO. 4 反義疑問句I. 講解反意疑問句是一種禮貌用語,常用在閑聊中,說話人對自己的陳述還沒有十分的把握,需要征求對方的同意或肯定,印證所陳述之事。它是英語中的四大問句之一。 反意疑問句的種類和結構 反意疑問句是由一個陳述句加上一個短問句而構成的,其疑問部分的動詞與陳述部分的動詞在語氣上成相反的對應關系,其基本句子結構有以下兩種: 1. 肯定陳述句+簡略否定問句,即:前肯后否。如: It’s very hot today, ________________? 2. 否定陳述句+簡略肯定問句,即:前否后肯。如: Bill didn’t want to go, ________________? 反意疑問句構成上的幾條原則 1. 簡略問句中的be動詞、情態動詞或助動詞在人稱、數及時態上,應和陳述部分相一致。 ① 陳述部分為be (充當系動詞或助動詞)時,簡略問句中用相應形式的be (am, is are, was, were)。如: I’m not late, ________________? They’re playing soccer on the playground, ________________? ② 陳述部分含有情態動詞或者助動詞時,簡略疑問部分該情態動詞或助動詞的相應形式。如: You could swim five years ago, ________________? He has been learning English for four years, ________________? We don’t go to work on Sundays, ________________? ③ 陳述部分沒有be動詞、情態動詞或者助動詞時,簡略疑問部分須依據人稱、數以及時態而使用助動詞do, does或者did。如: Neither of them complained, ________________? You always stay up late every night, ________________? This picture looks very nice, ________________? 2. 簡略否定問句中的not一般要和be、情、助等加以縮略。如: She’s a computer programmer, ________________? You ride to school every day, ________________? 3. 簡略問句中的主語須是人稱代詞,且應和陳述句中的主語相一致。 ① 陳述部分的主語為something, anything, everything, nothing等表示事物的復合不定代詞時,簡略疑問部分的主語用it。如: Nothing happened, ________________? ② 陳述部分的主語為someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody等表示人的復合不定代詞時,簡略疑問部分的主語通常用they(強調全部),有時也會用he(強調個體)。如: Everyone will come, ________________? No one knows the answer, ________________? ③ 陳述部分的主語為指示代詞時,疑問部分的主語用it(單數)或they(復數)。如: This is his book, ________________? Those aren’t cats, ________________? ④ 非謂語動詞及從句做主語時,疑問部分的主語用it。如: Watching TV too much is bad for our eyes, ________________? To do a good deed isn’t difficult, ________________? What he said is true, ________________? ⑤ 陳述部分由neither… nor, either… or 連接的并列主語時,疑問部分根據其實際邏輯意義而定,用we/you/they。如: Neither you nor I am engineer, ________________?Either you or he went shopping, ________________?⑥ 當陳述部分的主語是不定代詞one 時,疑問部分的主語用one或you。如: One can’t remember everything, ________________? ⑦ 若陳述部分的主語是“the +形容詞”表一類人時,疑問部分的主語用they代替;若是表某一抽象概念時,疑問部分的主語用it代替。如: The rich are not always very happy, ________________? The young should respect the old, ________________? The beautiful isn't always good, ________________? 4. 陳述部分為祈使句時,簡略疑問句一般用will you(表示請求)或者won’t you(表示委婉請求或邀請)。如: Please give me a hand, ________________? Don’t be late again, ________________? 5. 陳述部分如有never, hardly, few, little, no, nothing, none, no one, nobody,neither等否定詞或者too…to…(太…而不能…)結構時,應視為否定陳述句。 Your sister is too young to go to school, ________________? His father said nothing, ________________? 6.反意疑問句的陳述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, ir-, dis-, -less等否定意義的前綴或后綴構成的詞語時,要視為肯定陳述句。如: 。省略部分。 have to be done about the air pollution, ______? A. won’t it B. will it C. has it D. does it III. 完形填空In the past, most American mothers were at home to take care of their children during the day. Now, 1 , many mothers are working. More than half of the American women 2 young children have 3 outside the house. American families solve the child care 4 in different ways. Some parents allow 5 children to stay at home alone after school. The parents 6 make sure that their children, usually not younger than 10 years old , understand 7 rules and can deal with emergencies (緊急情況). Other parents say they would 8 allow their children to be at home alone. They usually 9 someone to take care of the 10 . Some parents in the U.S. find their own ways to 11 the cost of child care. They join child care 12 . Each person in the group 13 for the children of other group 14 at different times. Some parents ask local 15 , schools and social organizations to help 16 activities for the children .These child care choices often cost 17 or no money. Many American parents, however, still 18 with the problem of 19 good child care at a 20 price.1. A. therefore B. otherwise C. thus D. however2. A. like B. as C. with D. form3. A. children B. jobs C. houses D. money4. A. problem B. question C. chance D. choice5. A. older B. younger C. sicker D. happier6. A. can B. must C. may D. ought7. A. dangerous B. safety C. funny D. true8. A. rather B. certainly C. always D. never9. A. tell B. stop C. pay D. invite10. A. house B. neighbors C. old D. children11. A. protect B. end C. cut D. increase12. A. schools B. groups C. clubs D. hospitals13. A. cares B. sends C. asks D. pays14. A. strangers B. members C. officials D. teachers15. A. shops B. markets C. churches D. restaurants16. A. have B. offer C. play D. join17. A. much B. little C. enough D. a great deal18. A. enjoy B. discuss C. quarrel D. struggle19. A. taking B. finding C. losing D. suffering20. A. high B. low C. reasonable D. Real1-5 CABCA 6-10 ACBDB 11-15 BABAA 16-20 DCDDD 21-25 CABCD 26-30 CBBAC 31-35 BCBCA 36-40 DCCDA 本文主要講述了現今的美國婦女有了小孩后仍然出去工作,只能花錢請人照顧孩子而由此產生的一些問題。 1. D. however表示轉折,意為“然而”。 2. C. 有孩子的美國婦女。 3. B. 根據前文“ many mothers are working” 得出。 4. A. problem 常與 settle 或 solve 搭配,意為“解決問題”。 5. A. 根據下文內容應為“年齡較大的”。 6. B. must表示“必須”。 7. B. safety rules 意為“安全規則”。 8. D. 根據下文可判斷這里應是否定句。 9. C. pay sb. to do sth. 應為“花錢雇人做某事”。 10. D. 本文講的是照顧孩子的問題,其他三項與內容無關。 11. C. 降低照看小孩的成本。 12. B. 下一句有提示。 13. A. care for意為“照顧”。 14. B. other group members意為“其他小組成員”。 15. C. church是一個慈善機構,可幫助照顧孩子。 16. B. offer意為“提供”。 17. B. 根據下文“or no money”來判斷應選little。 18. D. struggle with意為“爭取解決”。 19. B. 此空格意思上應是“找到”。 20. C. reasonable意為“合理的”,low 意為“低的”,比較起來 reasonable 為較好答案。7
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銜接 no 練習 no.4 高一
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