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高一閱讀5(解析).doc

'高一閱讀5(解析).doc'
?注意閱讀速度:一個人的閱讀能力的高低決定了他能否快速高效地吸收有用信息。合理的快速閱讀可以使閱讀者思想高度集中,在閱讀中積極思維,不時作出歸納、演繹、對比、推測,正確理解篇章大意。沒有一定的閱讀速度,就不能順利地輸入信息,閱讀理解的成效也會大大地降低。高考要求每分鐘讀60個字,但我們在平常練習時應達到并超過這個基本標準,以便在高考中能給自己擠出更多時間去進行思考。我們要培養快速閱讀的能力,就必須克服指讀、回讀、重讀等不良習慣,不要把注意力過度集中在孤立的單詞上,以致于對整句、整段的意思把握不清。與此同時,我們還應注意運用多種閱讀技巧,如略讀、掃讀、跳讀等來搜尋關鍵詞、主題句,理清文章脈絡,把握語篇實質。Passage A閱讀理解When someone says, “Well, I guess I'll have to face the music①”, it doesn't mean that he is planning to go to hear a singer or attend a concert. It is something far less unhappy than you are called in by your leader to explain why you did this and that or why you did not do this or that.②At some time or another, every one of us has to “face the music”, especially (尤其) as children. We can all remember fathers angry words “I want to talk to you”. And only because we did not listen to him. What a bad thing it was!In the middle or at the end of every term, we students have to “face the music”. The result of the exam will decide whether we will face the music or not. If...that means parents cold faces and contempt (輕視) of the teachers and classmates.“To face the music” is well known to every American, young or old. It is at least 100 years old. It really means that you have to do something, no matter (無論) how terrible the whole thing might be, because you know you have no choice.根據文章內容,選擇正確答案:1. “To face the music” means “to____ ”.A. do something that we dont like toB. go to the theatreC. go to the music showD. do something that we want to2. In the third paragraph, “If...”really means “If____ ”.A. we don't do a good job B. we get an“A” in the examC. the exam is easy D. the exam is difficult3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?A. “To face the music” is well known in the United States.B. “To face the music” has a history of more than 100 years.C. The young Americans know what “to face the music” means.D. Only the old in the United States know the meaning of “to face the music”.難句注釋 ①I guess Ill have to face the music. 我想這下我得自食其果了。face the music 指由于自己的決定或行為而接受批評、承擔后果等。Total words:200Reading time:____Reading speed: ____②It is something far less unhappy than you are called in by your leader to explain why you did this and that or why you did not do this or that.它要比你被老板喊進去解釋為什么這樣那樣做,或者為什么不這樣那樣做要難過得多。Passage B閱讀理解Julia lived in the countryside, but one year she decided to visit the capital city to do some shopping and to see the sights. She stayed at a hotel near the central market. She had seldom been to the city before, and was very excited about what she would find.On the first morning of her visit, as she walked from the hotel to the market, she passed a beggar (乞丐). He was holding up a notice, which said, “Blind from birth. Please give generously(慷慨地).①”Julia felt sorry for the blind beggar and she bent down and put a dollar coin into his bowl.“Thank you.” he said.The same thing happened again the following day. On the third day, howeve。省略部分。oking B. making C. burningD. serving10. A. the next moment B. for a whileC. in time D. at once11. A. Putting down B. Laying asideC. Picking upD. Taking away12. A. towards B. away from C. from behindD. near13. A. knife B. hand C. letter D. key14. A. used B. dropped C. poured D. covered15. A. A sad voice B. A strange noise C. A low shoutD. A sharp cry16. A. key B. kettle C. doorlock D. wire17. A. followed B. caused C. produced D. ended18. A. before B. since C. until D. when19. A. surprised B. praised C. encouragedD. supported20. A. selfsatisfaction B. selfprotectionC. selfrespectD. selfservice難句注釋 ①found her camera and spare watch missing 發現她的相機和備用手表不見了②settled down to wait and see 靜下心來等著看Passage A本文主要講解了一個短語“face the music”的含義以及它在什么樣的情景下使用。1. A. 從文章最后一段 “It really means that you have to do something...because you know you have no choice.”可以得到答案。2. A. 從If...下文得知只有考試沒考好才會有那樣的結果。3. D. 最后一段提到“...is well known to every American, young or old.”。Passage B本文講述了Julia出于同情給了一個自稱失明的乞丐幾次錢后,發現該乞丐是假裝失明來騙錢的真相的故事。1. A. 從第二段第一句“...as she walked from the hotel to the market, she passed a beggar.”中可得出答案。2. B. 從文中可以看出是Julia因為同情那個乞丐而主動給錢的。3. B. 乞丐注意到Julia只給了平時的一半時很不高興,但并沒有拒絕。Passage C本文主要講述了加拿大人喜歡動物且注意保護動物。1. B. 其他三個選項比較片面。2. C. 第一段提到“...they take them to animal hospitals to give them injections so that they wont carry disease.”,從中可以得出答案。3. D. 根據文章第二段第三句“When children grow up, they leave their parents and start their own life.”可以得出答案。4. D. 文章第一段提到每個家庭的花園里都為飛鳥設置了喂食處。Passage D本文講述的是Mrs Clarke在發現家中被盜后采取的對策,以及她懲治小偷的經過。1. D. 俱樂部對于孤獨老人來說是一種消磨時光的好方法。2. B. 從全文看,Mrs Clarke 是獨自一人住。3. C. 她感到家里有點“反?!?unusual)。4. C. 由上半句可見并無破門而入的跡象 (sign)。5. D. 這里應該是核查,看看丟了什么東西。6. C. 相反,她抄近路回家了。7. B. 選A或C均不合邏輯;選D也不合情理。8. C. 看看會發生什么。其余三項動詞含義可包含在此項中。9. B. “沏茶”習慣用make tea來表示。同樣,英語中還有make coffee。10. A. the next moment意為“緊接著……”。11. C. 結合下文看,此處是“提起一壺開水”。12. A. 朝門口走去。13. B. 伸進來的是“手”(hand),下文有說明。14. C. “倒開水;潑水”用pour。15. D. 開水猛然澆到手上,發出的是尖叫,并非其他幾種聲音。16. D. 從上文得知,應該是鐵絲掉在地上。17. A. 緊接著是逃走的腳步聲。18. A. 句型It wasnt long before (后接從句) 表示“不久……”。19. B. 如此智勇兼備,自然在club中受到贊揚。20. B. 以上行為屬于“自我保護”(selfprotection)。1. It doesnt mean that he is planning to go to hear a singer or attend a concert. 這并不表示他打算去聽歌手演唱或聽音樂會。(Line 1, Passage A)mean 表示“意味著……;(意思)是說……;打算”That sign means that the road is blocked. 這個標志表示此路不通。What do you mean by saying that? 你那樣說是什么意思? He did not mean to go. 他沒打算去。動詞mean還有一些常見的搭配:be meant to do sth. 必須做某事 mean what one says 說到做到mean well to sb. 對某人出于好意mean much to sb. 對某人很重要2. If an animal happened to get run over by a car, people would be very sad about it. 如果動物不巧被車軋了,人們就會很傷心。 (Line 11, Passage C)英語中被動語態除常用“be +過去分詞”構成外,還可用“get + 過去分詞 ”結構。這種結構多用在口語中,強調動作的結果。 get paid 得到報酬 get hurt 受傷get lost 迷路get punished 受罰I got caught for speeding. 我因超速而被抓住。Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 我們搬家的時候,有些玻璃杯被打碎了。注意在這種結構中,動作執行者(即by短語)一般不表示出來。第 10 頁 共 10 頁
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