--英語學科教導學要點精編

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'--英語學科教導學要點精編'
?英語學科教育學秦杰、田金平外語教學與研究出版社核心要點Chapter 1 Basic Concepts4 A BRIEF SURVEY OF ENGLISH TEACHING METHODS4.1 grammar-translation1.2 the direct methodMaterial is first presented orally;the mother tongue is never used;questions are answered in target language;rules are generated from the practice and experience4. 4 the audio-lingual methodAbundant use of laboratories, taped and visual aidssilent wayThe learner discovers rather than remember or repeats4.9 communicative language teachingStress activities that engaged the learners in more meaningful and authentic languageChapter 2 History of English teaching1 MAIN SCHOOLS OF ENGLISH TEACHING IN HISTORY1」GT method□ Detial anaylsis of grammar rules, followed by application of this knowledge to the task of translating sentences and texts into and out of target language□ Little or no systematic attention is paid to speaking or listening4.1.3 direct methodInstruction was conducted exclusively in the target language (include question-and-answer exchange between teachers and students; grammar was taught inductively)4.6 communicative language teachingFocus not only on language but also on the learning process itself3 CURRENT TRENDS IN ENGLISH TEACHING3」teaching for communicationWeak version: provide learners with opportunities to use English for communicative purposesStrong versions acquire language through communicationtask-based English teachingAccomplish open-ended tasks which are no-省略部分-5.2.3 classroom grammar activitiesGrammar is taught in context, in discourse and in communication to maintain students' interest□ Describe grammar point and give examples□ Ask students to practice the grammar point in communication drill□ Have communicative task that provide students opportunities to use grammar point5.2.4 textbook grammar activitiesMechanical drill: each prompt has only one correct response; complete the exercise without attendong to meaningMeaningful drill; each prompt has only one correct response; complete the exercise with attendong to meaningCommunicative drill: the prompt and qusetion is life-oriented, open-ended; students can have answers in line with their uinderstanding1.2.3 planning a grammar lessonDeductive approach and inductive approachTeacher-centered and learner-centeredPresentation: REFER TO PG 187Practice: gap filling; substitution drills; sentence transformations; picture dictation; recording sentences and matching sentences to picturesProduction: information gap; role play; spot the difference between two pictures, problem solving1.2.4 teaching of vocabulary1.2.5 strategies and methods of vocabulary learning and teaching□ Create mental linkages: grouping, association, place words into context□ Apply images and sounds□ Meaningful task□ Recycling: one or two days after initial input□ Diagram and word treesguessing from context5.5.7 definition plus collocation in vocabulary teaching and learning
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學科 要點 英語 教導
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